Volume 34 Issue 2
Apr.  2021
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Liang-sheng Duan, Quan-ping Wu, Yuan-yuan Xu, Hui Wang, Zhe Sun, Yu Chen, Song Xue. One-Pot Synthesis of Tetraarylpyrrolo[3, 2-b]pyrrole Dopant-Free Hole-Transport Materials for Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2021, 34(2): 217-226. doi: 10.1063/1674-0068/cjcp2006106
Citation: Liang-sheng Duan, Quan-ping Wu, Yuan-yuan Xu, Hui Wang, Zhe Sun, Yu Chen, Song Xue. One-Pot Synthesis of Tetraarylpyrrolo[3, 2-b]pyrrole Dopant-Free Hole-Transport Materials for Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2021, 34(2): 217-226. doi: 10.1063/1674-0068/cjcp2006106

One-Pot Synthesis of Tetraarylpyrrolo[3, 2-b]pyrrole Dopant-Free Hole-Transport Materials for Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells

doi: 10.1063/1674-0068/cjcp2006106
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  • Four organic small-molecule hole transport materials ( D41 , D42 , D43 and D44 ) of tetraarylpyrrolo[3, 2-b]pyrroles were prepared. They can be used without doping in the manufacture of the inverted planar perovskite solar cells. Tetraarylpyrrolo[3, 2-b]pyrroles are accessible for one-pot synthesis. D42 , D43 and D44 possess acceptor-$ \pi $-donor-$ \pi $-acceptor structure, on which the aryl bearing substitutes of cyan, fluorine and trifluoromethyl, respectively. Instead, the aryl moiety of D41 is in presence of methyl with a donor-$ \pi $-donor-$ \pi $-donor structure. The different substitutes significantly affected their molecular surface charge distribution and thin-film morphology, attributing to the electron-rich properties of fused pyrrole ring. The size of perovskite crystalline growth particles is affected by different molecular structures, and the electron-withdrawing cyan group of D42 is most conducive to the formation of large perovskite grains. The D42 fabricated devices with power conversion efficiency of 17.3% and retained 55% of the initial photoelectric conversion efficiency after 22 days in dark condition. The pyrrolo[3, 2-b]pyrrole is efficient electron-donating moiety for hole transporting materials to form good substrate in producing perovskite thin film.

     

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