Volume 34 Issue 2
Apr.  2021
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Rui-kai Xu, Hui-jun Jiang, Zhong-huai Hou. Simulation Study of Passive Rod Diffusion in Active Bath: Nonmonotonic Length Dependence and Abnormal Translation-Rotation Coupling[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2021, 34(2): 157-164. doi: 10.1063/1674-0068/cjcp2006091
Citation: Rui-kai Xu, Hui-jun Jiang, Zhong-huai Hou. Simulation Study of Passive Rod Diffusion in Active Bath: Nonmonotonic Length Dependence and Abnormal Translation-Rotation Coupling[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2021, 34(2): 157-164. doi: 10.1063/1674-0068/cjcp2006091

Simulation Study of Passive Rod Diffusion in Active Bath: Nonmonotonic Length Dependence and Abnormal Translation-Rotation Coupling

doi: 10.1063/1674-0068/cjcp2006091
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  • Corresponding author: Hui-jun Jiang, E-mail: hjjiang3@ustc.edu.cn; Zhong-huai Hou, E-mail: hzhlj@ustc.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2020-06-11
  • Accepted Date: 2020-06-30
  • Available Online: 2020-07-31
  • Publish Date: 2021-04-27
  • Diffusion of tracer particles in active bath has attracted extensive attention in recent years. So far, most studies have considered isotropic spherical tracer particles, while the diffusion of anisotropic particles has rarely been involved. Here we investigate the diffusion dynamics of a rigid rod tracer in a bath of active particles by using Langevin dynamics simulations in a two-dimensional space. Particular attention is paid to how the translation (rotation) diffusion coefficient $ D_{ \rm{T}} $ ($ D_{ \rm{R}} $) change with the length of rod $ L $ and active strength $ F_{ \rm{a}} $. In all cases, we find that rod exhibits superdiffusion behavior in a short time scale and returns to normal diffusion in the long time limit. Both $ D_{ \rm{T}} $ and $ D_{ \rm{R}} $ increase with $ F_{ \rm{a}} $, but interestingly, a nonmonotonic dependence of $ D_{ \rm{T}} $ ($ D_{ \rm{R}} $) on the rod length has been observed. We have also studied the translation-rotation coupling of rod, and interestingly, a negative translation-rotation coupling is observed, indicating that rod diffuses more slowly in the parallel direction compared to that in the perpendicular direction, a counterintuitive phenomenon that would not exist in an equilibrium counterpart system. Moreover, this anomalous (diffusion) behavior is reentrant with the increase of $ F_{ \rm{a}} $, suggesting two competitive roles played by the active feature of bath particles.

     

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