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Combination Effect of Cation Vacancies and O2 Adsorption on Ferromagnetism of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3(100) Surface: ab initio Study
Lin Ju,Ying Dai,Tong-shuai Xu,Yong-jia Zhang,Li Sun*
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Lin Ju School of Physics and Electric Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455000, China;School of Physics, State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China  
Ying Dai School of Physics, State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China  
Tong-shuai Xu School of Physics and Electric Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455000, China  
Yong-jia Zhang Key Lab of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China  
Li Sun* Key Lab of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China sunlitut@163.com 
Abstract:
The combination effect of cation vacancies and O2 adsorption on ferromagnetism of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3(100) surface is studied by using density functional theory.An ideal Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3(100) surface is non-magnetic and the cation vacancy could induce the magnetism.By comparing the formation energies for Na,Bi and Ti vacancy,the Na vacancy is more stable than the others.Therefore,we focus on the configuration and electric structure for the system of O2 molecule adsorption on the Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3(100) surface with a Na vacancy.Among the five physisorption configurations we considered,the most likely adsorption position is Na vacancy.The O2 adsorption enhances the magnetism of the system.The contribution of spin polarization is mainly from the O 2p orbitals.The characteristics of exchange coupling are also calculated,which show that the ferromagnetic coupling is favorable.Compared with the previous calculation results,our calculations could explain the room-temperature ferromagnetism of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 nanocrytalline powders more reasonably,because of taking into account adsorbed oxygen and cation vacancies.Moreover,our results also show that adsorption of O2 molecule as well as introduction of cation vacancies may be a promising approach to improve multiferroic materials.
Key words:  O2 adsorption  Cation vacancies  Ferromagnetism  First-principles calculation
FundProject:This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.11547176, No.11704006) and Henan College Key Research Project (No.15A140017).
阳离子空位和吸附氧的协同作用对Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3(100)表面磁性影响的第一性原理研究
鞠林,戴瑛,徐同帅,张雍家,孙礼*
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DOI:10.1063/1674-0068/31/cjcp1708163
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