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In-situ Enhanced Toughening of Poly(ethylene terephthalate)/elastomer Blends via Gamma-Ray Radiation at Presence of Trimethylolpropane Triacrylate
Li-zhao Xie,Le-chen Chen,Mo-zhen Wang,Qi-chao Wu,Xiao Zhou,Xue-wu Ge
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Li-zhao Xie CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Le-chen Chen CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Mo-zhen Wang CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China pstwmz@ustc.edu.cn 
Qi-chao Wu Guangdong Tianan New Material Co., Ltd., Foshan 528000, China  
Xiao Zhou Guangdong Tianan New Material Co., Ltd., Foshan 528000, China  
Xue-wu Ge CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China xwge@ustc.edu.cn 
Abstract:
Gamma-ray radiation has always been a convenient and effective way to modify the interfacial properties in polymer blends. In this work, a small amount of trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA) was incorporated into poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)/random terpolymer elastomer (ST2000) blends by melt-blending. The existence of TMPTA would induce the crosslinking of PET and ST2000 molecular chains at high temperatures of blending, resulting in the improvement in the impact strength but the loss in the tensile strength. When the PET/ST2000 blends were irradiated by gamma-ray radiation, the integrated mechanical properties could be enhanced significantly at a high absorbed dose. The irradiated sample at a dose of 100 kGy even couldn't be broken under the impact test load, and at the same time, has nearly no loss of tensile strength. Based on the analysis of the impactfractured surface morphologies of the blends, it can be concluded that gamma-ray radiation at high absorbed dose can further in situ enhance the interfacial adhesion by promoting the crosslinking reactions of TMPTA and polymer chains. As a result, the toughness and strength of PET/ST2000 blend could be dramatically improved. This work provides a facial and practical way to the fabrication of polymer blends with high toughness and strength.
Key words:  Toughened PET blend  Interfacial interaction  Gamma-ray radiation  Radiation crosslink  Trimethylolpropane triacrylate
FundProject:
伽马射线辐射原位强化增韧含三羟甲基丙烷三丙烯酸酯的PET/弹性体合金
谢李昭,陈乐辰,汪谟贞,吴启超,周晓,葛学武
摘要:
在少量的交联剂三羟甲基丙烷三丙烯酸酯存在下,研究了高能伽马射线辐射对PET/弹性体(ST2000)合金的原位强化增韧效应.在PET合金熔融共混的高温下,TMPTA可与PET和ST2000的分子链发生反应,使PET和ST2000发生分子内和分子间的交联,增强界面相互作用,使得PET合金的冲击性能提高,但拉伸强度有所下降.PET合金经过高吸收剂量的伽马射线辐照后,可以原位增加体系内部弹性相和界面相的化学交联程度,进一步提升PET合金的综合力学性能.当吸收剂量为100 kGy时,样条在冲击测试条件下未发生断裂,同时拉伸强度几乎保持不变.
关键词:  增韧PET合金  界面相互作用  伽马射线辐射  辐射交联  TMPTA
DOI:10.1063/1674-0068/29/cjcp1605105
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