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Adsorption and Decomposition of NH3 on Ni/Pt(111) and Ni/WC(001) Surfaces: A First-Principles Study
Ai-ai Shen,Yi-lin Cao
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Ai-ai Shen School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China  
Yi-lin Cao School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China hxxcao@htu.edu.cn 
Abstract:
Density functional theory was used to study the NH3 behavior on Ni monolayer covered Pt(111) and WC(001). The electronic structure of the surfaces, and the adsorption and decomposition of NH3 were calculated and compared. Ni atoms in the monolayer behave different from that in Ni(111). More dz2 electrons of Ni in monolayer covered systems were shifted to other regions compared to Ni(111), charge density depletion on this orbital is crucial to NH3 adsorption. NH3 binds more stable on Ni/Pt(111) and Ni/WC(001) than on Ni(111), the energy barriers of the first N-H bond scission were evidently lower on Ni/Pt(111) and Ni/WC(001) than on Ni(111), these are significant to NH3 decomposition. N recombination is the rate-limiting step, high reaction barrier implies that N2 is produced only at high temperatures. Although WC has similar properties to Pt, differences of the electronic structure and catalytic activities are observed for Ni/Pt(111) and Ni/WC(001), the energy barrier for the rate-determined step increases on Ni/WC(001) instead of decreasing on Ni/Pt(111) when compared to Ni(111). To design cheaper and better catalysts, reducing the N recombination barrier by modifying Ni/WC(001) is a critical question to be solved.
Key words:  Ni monolayer  Electronic structure  NH3 decomposition  Density functional theory
FundProject:
NH3在Ni/Pt(111)和Ni/WC(001)表面上分解的第一性原理研究
沈嫒嫒,曹益林
摘要:
采用密度泛函理论和slab模型,研究NH3在Ni单原子层覆盖的Pt(111)和WC(001)表面上的物理与化学行为,计算了Ni单原子覆盖表面的电子结构以及NH3的吸附与分解.表面覆盖的单原子层中,Ni原子的性质与Ni(111)面上的Ni原子明显不同.与Ni(111)相比,Ni/Pt(111)和Ni/WC(001)表面上Ni原子dz2轨道上的电子更多地转移到了其它位置,该轨道上电荷密度降低有利于NH3吸附.在Ni/Pt(111)和Ni/WC(001)面上NH3吸附能均大于Ni(111),NH3分子第一个N-H键断裂的活化能则明显比Ni(111)面上低,有利于NH3的分解,吸附能增大使NH3在Ni/Pt(111)和Ni/WC(001)面上更倾向于分解,而不是脱附.N2分子的生成是NH3分解的速控步骤,该反应能垒较高,说明N2分子只有在较高温度下才能生成.WC与Pt性质相似,但Ni/Pt(111)和Ni/WC(001)的电子结构还是有差异的,与Ni(111)表面相比,NH3在Ni/Pt(111)表面上分解速控步骤的能垒降低,而在Ni/WC(001)上却升高.要获得活性好且便宜的催化剂,需要对Ni/WC(001)表面做进一步改进,降低N2分子生成步骤的活化能.
关键词:  Ni单层  电子结构  NH3分解  密度泛函理论
DOI:10.1063/1674-0068/29/cjcp1604082
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