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In-situ investigations of the interfacial degradation and the ion migration at perovskite/Ag interfaces
Huanxin Ju
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Huanxin Ju University of Science and Technology of China hxju@ustc.edu.cn 
Abstract:
Interfacial properties between perovskite layers and metal electrodes play a crucial role in the device performance and the long-term stability of perovskite solar cells. In this paper, we report a comprehensive study of the interfacial degradation and ion migration at the interface between CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite layer and Ag electrode. Using in-situ photoemission spectroscopy measurements, it is found that the Ag electrode could induce the degradation of perovskite layers, leading to the formation of PbI2 and AgI species and the reduction of Pb2+ ions to metallic Pb species at the interface. The unconventional enhancement of the intensities of I 3d spectra provides direct experimental evidences for the migration of iodide ions from CH3NH3PbI3 subsurface to Ag electrode. Moreover, the contact of Ag electrode and perovskite layers induces an interfacial dipole of 0.3 eV at CH3NH3PbI3/Ag interfaces, which may further facilitate iodide ion diffusion, resulting in the decomposition of perovskite layers and the corrosion of Ag electrode.
Key words:  Perovskite solar cells, Interfacial degradation, Ions migration, Photoemission spectroscopy
FundProject:
In-situ investigations of the interfacial degradation and the ion migration at perovskite/Ag interfaces
鞠焕鑫
摘要:
Interfacial properties between perovskite layers and metal electrodes play a crucial role in the device performance and the long-term stability of perovskite solar cells. In this paper, we report a comprehensive study of the interfacial degradation and ion migration at the interface between CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite layer and Ag electrode. Using in-situ photoemission spectroscopy measurements, it is found that the Ag electrode could induce the degradation of perovskite layers, leading to the formation of PbI2 and AgI species and the reduction of Pb2+ ions to metallic Pb species at the interface. The unconventional enhancement of the intensities of I 3d spectra provides direct experimental evidences for the migration of iodide ions from CH3NH3PbI3 subsurface to Ag electrode. Moreover, the contact of Ag electrode and perovskite layers induces an interfacial dipole of 0.3 eV at CH3NH3PbI3/Ag interfaces, which may further facilitate iodide ion diffusion, resulting in the decomposition of perovskite layers and the corrosion of Ag electrode.
关键词:  Perovskite solar cells, Interfacial degradation, Ions migration, Photoemission spectroscopy
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