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Highly responsive and selective ethanol gas sensor based on Co3O4-modified SnO2 nanofibers
易建新
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
易建新 University of Science and Technology of China yjx@ustc.edu.cn 
Abstract:
SnO2 nanofibers were synthesized by electrospinning and modified with Co3O4 via impregnation in this work. Chemical composition and morphology of the nanofibers were systematically characterized, and their gas sensing properties were investigated. Results showed that Co3O4 modification significantly enhanced the sensing performance of SnO2 nanofibers to ethanol gas. For a sample with 1.2 mol.% Co3O4, the response to 100 ppm ethanol was 38.0 at 300 oC, about 6.7 times larger than that of SnO2 nanofibers. In addition, the response/recovery times were also greatly reduced. A power-law dependence of the sensor response on the ethanol concentration as well as excellent ethanol selectivity was observed for the Co3O4/SnO2 sensor. The enhanced ethanol sensing performance may be attributed to formation of p-n heterojunctions between the two oxides.
Key words:  SnO2 nanofibers  heterojunction  electrospinning  impregnation  gas sensors
FundProject:
Highly responsive and selective ethanol gas sensor based on Co3O4-modified SnO2 nanofibers
易建新
摘要:
SnO2 nanofibers were synthesized by electrospinning and modified with Co3O4 via impregnation in this work. Chemical composition and morphology of the nanofibers were systematically characterized, and their gas sensing properties were investigated. Results showed that Co3O4 modification significantly enhanced the sensing performance of SnO2 nanofibers to ethanol gas. For a sample with 1.2 mol.% Co3O4, the response to 100 ppm ethanol was 38.0 at 300 oC, about 6.7 times larger than that of SnO2 nanofibers. In addition, the response/recovery times were also greatly reduced. A power-law dependence of the sensor response on the ethanol concentration as well as excellent ethanol selectivity was observed for the Co3O4/SnO2 sensor. The enhanced ethanol sensing performance may be attributed to formation of p-n heterojunctions between the two oxides.
关键词:  SnO2 nanofibers  heterojunction  electrospinning  impregnation  gas sensors
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