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Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Hydration Structure of KNO3 Electrolyte Solution
Gui-wu Lu* ,Ying-feng Li ,Wei Sun ,Chun-xi Li
Author NameAffiliation
Gui-wu Lu* Department of Mathematics and Physics, Petroleum University of China, Beijing 102249, China; 
Ying-feng Li Department of Mathematics and Physics, Petroleum University of China, Beijing 102249, China; 
Wei Sun Department of Mathematics and Physics, Petroleum University of China, Beijing 102249, China; 
Chun-xi Li College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China 
Abstract:
Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out to study the structure of ion clusters and hydration properties of KNO3 solution. The water molecule was treated as a simple-point-charge (SPC) model, and a four-site model for the nitrate ion was adopted. Both the Coulomb and Lennard-Jones interactions between all the charged sites were considered, and the long-range Coulomb electrostatic interaction was treated using Ewald summation techniques. The configuration of ionic pairs, the radial distribution function of the solution, and the effect of solution concentration on ionic hydration were studied in detail. It was found that there are ionic association phenomena in KNO3 solution and that the dimeric, triplet, solvent-separated ion pairs, and other complex clusters can be observed at high ionic concentration condition. As the concentration of solution decreases, the ionic hydration number increases, 5-7 for cation K+ and 3.5-4.7 for anion NO3-, which is in good agreement with former Monte Carlo and time-of-flight neutron diffraction results.
Key words:  KNO3, Electrolyte solution, Ionic hydration, Molecular dynamics
FundProject:
硝酸钾电解质溶液水化结构的分子动力学模拟
卢贵武*,李英峰,孙为,李春喜
摘要:
应用分子动力学方法对硝酸钾溶液中离子团簇的结构和离子的水化性质进行模拟研究.水分子采用简单点电荷模型,钾离子被看作带电硬球,硝酸根离子采用刚性四节点模型,同时考虑了节点间的库仑长程作用和L-J相互作用,库仑长程作用采用EWALD求和方法处理,得到了溶液中各种离子对的微观构型和径向分布函数,考察了溶液浓度对离子水化性质的影响.研究表明, 在KNO3溶液中存在一定程度的离子缔合,在高离子浓度情形,可以观察到二聚体、三聚体、溶剂分离阴阳离子对以及其它更复杂的离子团簇构型;离子水化数随离子浓度的升高而降低,对不同浓度的溶液得到的K+的水化数为5?7,NO3-的水化数为3.5?4.7,与蒙特卡罗模拟结果和飞行时间中子衍射实验的测量结果一致.
关键词:  硝酸钾,电解质溶液,离子水化,分子动力学
DOI:10.1360/cjcp2007.20(1).22.9
分类号: