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Growth and Stabilization of Silver Nanoplates in Aqueous Solvent Monitored Through UV-Vis Spectra
Xue-lin Tian,Wei-hua Wang,Kai Chen,Geng-yu Cao*
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Xue-lin Tian Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale, and Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Wei-hua Wang Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale, and Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Kai Chen Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale, and Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Geng-yu Cao* Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale, and Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China gycao@ustc.edu.cn  
Abstract:
Sliver nanoplates were prepared through a visible light induced reduction process by a reaction between sodium citrate and silver nitrate in an aqueous solvent at room temperature. UV-Vis spectra were employed to monitor the growth of the silver nanoplates. The resulting spectra indicated that, at an early stage,the products were spherical particles with planar nanoparticles appearing and growing subsequently. In the last stages of the process, some spherical particles were consumed by the growth of the nanoparticles,through an Ostwald ripening mechanism. Furthermore, it was found that the addition of either Poly(Vinyl Pyrrolidone) (PVP) or excessive citrate could stabilize the colloidal system effectively, and that rigorous stirring was necessary for the anticipant products. Introduction of a large quantities of sodium hydroxide can dramatically accelerate the reactive rate of the photoreduction process.
Key words:  Silver, Nanoplates, Surface plasmon resonance, Stabilization, Stirring
FundProject:
利用紫外-可见光谱研究水溶液中银纳米盘的生长过程及稳定性
田雪林,王卫华,陈锴,曹更玉*
摘要:
在水相体系中以柠檬酸钠和硝酸银为反应物,利用可见光诱导的还原过程在室温下制备盘状的银纳米粒子,通过紫外-可见光谱监控了不同反应条件下银纳米粒子的生长过程及体系的稳定性.吸收光谱随时间的变化表明,在一定的反应条件下早期的产物为球形粒子;随着反应时间延长盘状产物开始逐渐生成并长大,球形粒子数也进一步增加;而到了后期盘状粒子则通过粒子间的Ostwald熟化过程进一步长大.研究还发现,过量的柠檬酸根离子无助于稳定胶态体系,而适量的PVP(聚乙烯吡咯烷酮)的加入则能起到有效的稳定作用;严格控制的搅拌对于保证体系良好的分散稳定性不可缺少.进一步的研究还表明,在反应体系中引入大量的氢氧根离子能大大的加快反应速度.
关键词:  银, 纳米盘, 表面等离子体共振, 稳定性, 搅拌
DOI:10.1360/cjcp2006.19(4).362.5
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