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Electromotive Force for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Using Biomass Produced Gas as Fuel
Wei Zhu,Yan-hong Yin,Cen Gao,Chang-rong Xia*,Guang-yao Meng
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Wei Zhu Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Yan-hong Yin Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Cen Gao Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Chang-rong Xia* Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China xiacr@ustc.edu.cn 
Guang-yao Meng Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Abstract:
The electromotive force (e.m.f.) of solid oxide fuel cells using biomass produced gas (BPG) as the fuels is calculated at 700-1,200 K using an in-house computer program, based on thermodynamic equilibrium analysis. Tour program also predicts the concentration of oxygen in the fuel chamber as well as the concentration of equilibrium species such as H2, CO, CO2 and CH4. Compared with using hydrogen as a fuel, the e.m.f.for cells using BPG as the fuels is relative low and strongly influenced by carbon deposition. To remove carbon deposition, the optimum amount of H2O to add is determined at various operating temperatures.Further the e.m.f, for cells based on yttria stabilized zirconia and doped ceria as electrolytes are compared.The study reveals that when using BPG as fuel, the depression of e.m.f, for a SOFC using doped ceria as electrolyte is relatively small when compared with that using Yttria stabilized zirconia.
Key words:  Biomass produced gas, Electromotive force, Solid oxide fuel cells, Thermodynamic equilibrium
FundProject:
生物质气为燃料的燃料电池理论电动势计算
朱威,尹艳红,高岑,,夏长荣*,孟广耀
摘要:
在以生物质气体为燃料的固体氧化物燃料电池体系中,通过热力学平衡分析编程计算出700?1200 K时气体中各物种例如H2、CO、CO2和CH4的平衡组成,从而得到以氧化钇稳定氧化锆(YSZ)为电解质的电池理论电动势.碳沉积对电动势有显著影响.通过计算可以推测比较适宜的操作温度和增湿条件.还计算了以掺杂氧化铈为电解质的电池电动势,相比氢气为燃料时,使用生物质气体导致的电动势的下降比使用YSZ为电解质的电池要小的多.
关键词:  生物质气,电动势,固体氧化物燃料电池,热力学平衡
DOI:10.1360/cjcp2006.19(4).325.4
分类号: