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 本文已被：浏览 1366次   下载 2677次 码上扫一扫！ 分享到： 微信 更多 字体:加大+|默认|缩小- Review of Kelvin's Equation and Its Modification in Characterization of Mesoporous Materials Ying Zhang1, Frank Leung-Yuk Lam2, Zi-Feng Yan*1, Xijun Hu2 1.State Key Laboratory for Heavy Oil Processing, Key Laboratory of Catalysis, CNPC, Universtiy of Petroleum, Dongying 257061, China;2.Department of Chemical Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, China
Abstract:
Physical and mathematical models as well as calculation methods of nitrogen bed on porous media have been introduced to evaluate the structural parameters of mesoporous materials. Kelvin's equation is a link between the relative adsorbate pressure, the mean pore radius, and pore capillarity on the basis of macroscopic capillary condensation. However, Kelvin's equation has been identified that it underestimates the calculated pore size of a material especially in the boundary of pore size which is between 2 and 4 nm. Various modifications on Kelvin's equation were mentioned in order to develop a new model to improve the accuracy of pore size calculation. The problems on conventional mathematical models were analyzed and discussed. A number of calculation methods on physisorption and pore size, especially fundamental theories of physisorption, basis of models and their deficiencies are reviewed. It can provide guidance on developing a modified Kelvin's equation for pore size calculation.
Key words:  Kelvin's equation, Physisorption, Adsorption isotherm, Hysteresis loop, Pore size distribution
FundProject:

1.石油大学重质油国家重点实验室,东营,257061;2.香港科技大学化学工程系,香港

DOI：10.1360/cjcp2006.19(2).102.7