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Theoretical Comparison of Oxygen Adsorption on Cu(100) Surface
Wen-kai Chen,Chun-hai Lu,Zhan-hong Chen*,Yi Li,Jun-qian Li
Author NameAffiliation
Wen-kai Chen Department of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, China 
Chun-hai Lu China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China 
Zhan-hong Chen* Department of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, China 
Yi Li Department of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, China 
Jun-qian Li Department of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, China;State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry,Fuzhou 350002, China 
Abstract:
The interaction of atomic oxygen with the clean Cu(100) surface has been studied by means of cluster and periodic slab models density functional theory in the present paper. The Cu(4,9,4) cluster and a three-layer slab with c(2×2) structure are used to model the perfect Cu(100) surface. Three possible adsorption sites,top, bridge and hollow site, were considered in the calculations. The predicted results show that the hollow site is the prefer site for atomic oxygen adsorbed on Cu(100) surface energetically. This is in good agreement with the experiment. The calculated binding energies are respective 2.014, 3.154 and 3.942 eV for top, bridge and hollow sites at mPW1PW91/LanL2dz level for the cluster model. The geometry of Cu(100) surface has also been optimized theoretically with various density functional methods and the results show that the prediction from the B3PW91/LanL2dz and mPW1PW91/LanL2dz reproduce the experimental observation.The frontier molecular orbitals and partial density of states analysis show that the electron transfer from the d orbital of substrate to the p orbital of the surface oxygen atom.
Key words:  Oxygen, Density functional theory, Cu(100) surface, Adsorption
FundProject:
洁净和氧吸附的Cu(100)表面重构的理论研究
陈文凯,陆春海,陈展虹*,李奕,李俊篯
摘要:
在密度泛函理论下,计算了清洁和吸附氧原子的Cu(100)表面的驰豫和优势吸附构型.结果表明,氧原子在金属表面采用四重穴位时,具有最大的结合能,顶位吸附时结合能最小,桥位吸附时结合能居间.这一计算结果与实验报道一致.各种密度泛函方法的比较后,发现采用mPW1PW91密度泛函和LanL2dz赝势基组,能够准确给出与实验相符的计算结果.平板模型计算的分态密度图显示,在吸附过程中出现d轨道向Fermi能级移动并越过Fermi能级,而O原子的p轨道能级远离Fermi能级,表明有电子从铜原子的d轨道转移到氧原子的2p轨道,簇模型和平板模型的布居分析显示表面氧带有约0.65~0.7 e的负电荷.研究表明,采用适当的基组和泛函方法,即使采用簇模型来模拟表面,也可以获得与实验比较吻合的计算结果.
关键词:  吸附  驰豫  Cu(100)表面    密度泛函理论
DOI:10.1360/cjcp2006.19(1).54.5
分类号: