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Orientation and Motion of Water Molecules at Air/Water Interface
Wei Gan, Dan Wu, Zhen Zhang, Yuan Guo, Hong-fei Wang*
State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics,Institute of Chemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100080,China
Abstract:
Here we report a quantitative study of the orientational structure and motion of water molecule at the air/water interface. Analysis of Sum Frequency Generation (SFG) vibrational peak of the free O-H stretching band at 3700 cm-1 in four experimental configurations showed that orientational motion of water molecule at air/water interface is libratory within a limited angular range. The free OH bond of the interfacial water molecule is tilted around 33° from the interface normal and the orientational distribution or motion width is less than 15°. This picture is significantly different from the previous conclusion that the interfacial water molecule orientation varies over a broad range within the ultrafast vibrational relaxation time, the only direct experimental study concluded for ultrafast and broad orientational motion of a liquid interface by Wei et al.(Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4799, (2001)) using single SFG experimental configuration.
Key words:  Air/water interface, Water molecules, Orientation and motion
FundProject:
空气/水界面水分子的取向和运动
干为, 吴丹, 张贞, 郭源, 王鸿飞*
中国科学院化学研究所分子反应动力学国家重点实验室,北京,100080
摘要:
对四种不同的实验构型下空气/水界面自由O-H键在3700cm-1的和频振动光谱的分析表明,水分子在空气/水界面的取向运动只可能是在平衡位置附近有限角度之内的受限转动.界面水分子的自由O-H键取向距界面法线约33°,而取向分布或运动的宽度不超过15°.这一图像显著地不同于Wei等人(Phys.Rev.Lett.86,4799(2001))只通过单一的SFG实验构型所得出结论,即:空气/水界面的水分子在超快的振动弛豫时间内在很大的角度范围内运动.
关键词:  空气/水界面  水分子  取向和运动
DOI:10.1360/cjcp2006.19(1).20.24
分类号: