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Rare Earth Modification and Mechanism of Cobalt Ferrite Ionic Mmagnetic Fluids
Liu Yongchao*,Jiang Rongli,Zhao Wentao
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Liu Yongchao* Department of Applied Chemistry, Department of Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008 yongchaoliu@sohu.com 
Jiang Rongli Department of Applied Chemistry, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008  
Zhao Wentao Department of Applied Chemistry, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008  
Abstract:
Rare earth composite cobalt ferrite ionic magnetic fluids were prepared by precipitation in the presence of Tri-sodium citrate. The sample phase, structure and particle sizes were determined by X-ray diffraction transmission and electron microscopy. It is clear that the particles appear as variously sized balls, Cobalt ferrite with sizes of 12-15 nm, Dysprosium cobalt ferrite and Yttrium cobalt ferrite with sizes of 6-8 nm. By adding rare earth ions, the average diameter of the magnetic nanoparticles was decreased. The decrease in diameter was explained using a micro-model of rare earth modification. The effect of rare earth ion modification on the saturation magnetization and magnetic induction of magnetic fluids was carried out using a Gouy magnetic balance and a spectrophotometer. The result shows that saturation magnetization and magnetic induction can be improved by adding Dy3+. By adding Y3+, magnetic induction was increased. However, the saturation magnetization then decreased. A theory of the mechanism of rare earth ion modification is discussed in detail.
Key words:  Cobalt ferrite magnetic fluids, Rare earth, Modification mechanism, Diameter, Magnetic property
FundProject:
离子型钴铁氧体磁流体的稀土改性与机理研究
刘永超*,蒋荣立,赵文涛
摘要:
采用化学共沉淀法以柠檬酸三钠为表面改性剂制备了离子型稀土复合钴铁氧体磁流体.利用X衍射仪和透射电镜对磁粒子的组成、结构及粒径进行了分析.利用古埃磁天平和分光光度计研究了稀土离子改性对磁流体饱和磁化强度和磁感应的影响,实验结果表明:合成过程中添加稀土离子能明显降低磁性纳米粒子的粒径,制得的磁粒子均呈球形,钴铁氧体磁粒子的粒径为12~15 nm,稀土钴铁氧体磁粒子的粒径为6~8 nm.利用稀土改性的微观模型解释了粒径的降低.添加Dy3+能提高饱和磁化强度和磁感应,添加Y3+则能提高磁感应,却降低了饱和磁化强度
关键词:  钴铁氧体磁流体  稀土  改性机理  粒径  磁性能
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/18/6/1010-1014
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