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Sound Absorption Mechanism in Gradient Polymer Solution
Wang Yuansheng,Yang Xue*,Zhu Jinhua
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Wang Yuansheng Administrative Office of Training,Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033  
Yang Xue* Institute of Polymeric Materials, Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033 yangxue_yang@163.com 
Zhu Jinhua Institute of Polymeric Materials, Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033  
Abstract:
Emphasis of this work was paid to the study on the sound absorption mechanism of gradient polymer solution. A specially designed gradient polymer solution and an uniform polymer solution were synthesized. The sound attenuation properties of the gradient polymer solution and the uniform polymer solution were measured in sound tube. Results show that the sound attenuation of the gradient polymer solution is larger than that of the uniform. Depending on the experimental result and the theory of sound wave propagation in layered medium, a mathematical model of sound attenuation in the gradient polymer solution was established. And a calculating program was carried out by Maple and Matlab. The calculated results are fairly in good agreement with the measured. So mechanism of the gradient polymer solution was developed. This mechanism can be described as follows: a polymer solution with the concentration gradient layer forms the gradient polymer solution. This gradient layer led to multiple reflection and absorption of sound when the sound wave propagated in it. Finally the sound energy was transferred into heat.
Key words:  Gradient polymer solution, Sound absorption, Sound attenuation, Underwater sound
FundProject:
高分子梯度溶液吸声机理的研究
王源升,杨雪*,朱金华
摘要:
制备了高分子均匀溶液和梯度溶液,并在声管中测试其声衰减性能.实验结果表明,高分子梯度溶液的声衰减效果明显优于(即大于)相应的均匀溶液的声衰减.根据连续分层介质中声波传播理论建立了计算高分子梯度溶液声衰减的数学模型.计算结果与实验结果一致.由实验和理论分析结果得出了高分子梯度溶液的梯度吸声机理,即多次反射、多次吸收,最终将声能转化为热能.
关键词:  高分子梯度溶液  吸声  声衰减  水声
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/18/5/842-844
分类号: