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New Theoretical Approach for Calculation of Potential of Mean Force
Zhou Shiqi*
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Zhou Shiqi* Institute of Modern Statistical Mechanics, Zhuzhou Institute of Technology, Zhuzhou 412008 chixiayzsq@yahoo.com 
Abstract:
A universal theoretical framework is proposed for calculating potential of mean force (PMF) between two solute particles immersed in a solvent bath, the present method overcomes all of drawbacks of previous methods. The only input required to implement the recipe is solvent density distribution profile around a single solute particle. The universal framework is applied to calculate the PMF between two large spherical particles immersed in small hard sphere solvent bath. Comparison between the present predictions and existing simulation data shows reliability of the present recipe. Effects of solvent-solute interaction detail, solvent bulk density, and solute size on the excess PMF are investigated. The resultant conclusion is that depletion of solvent component by the solute particle induces attractive excess PMF, while gathering of solvent component by the solute particle induces repulsive excess PMF, high solvent bulk density and large solute size can strengthen the tendency of attraction or repulsion. Relevance of transition from depletion attraction to gathering repulsion with the biomolecular interaction, i.e. hydrophobic attraction and hydration repulsion, is discussed.
Key words:  Potential of mean force, Density functional theory, Solvent-solute interaction
FundProject:
计算平均力势的理论方法
周世琦*
摘要:
提出了一个用于计算平均力势的普适性的理论框架,方法克服了以前的方法的缺陷,仅仅需要溶剂粒子在单个溶质粒子附近的密度分布作为输入.计算了两个大尺寸溶质粒子浸在小尺寸硬球溶剂浴中的平均力势,理论预言与可能的模拟数据符合.调查了溶剂 - 溶质相互作用势、溶剂密度、溶质粒子尺寸对过量平均力势的影响.结论是: 溶剂粒子在单个溶质粒子附近的减少导致吸引的过量平均力势,而溶剂粒子在单个溶质粒子附近的聚集导致排斥的过量平均力势,高溶剂密度与大溶质粒子尺寸能强化这种趋势.讨论了这种空耗吸引 - 聚集排斥与生物学中的疏水吸引 - 水化排斥的联系.
关键词:  平均力势  密度泛函理论  溶剂-溶质相互作用势
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/18/5/679-688
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