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Positron Annihilation in Gelatin Macromolecules
Zhou Tao*,Yue Jun,Wang Yue*,Huang Bixia
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Zhou Tao* School of Chemistry and Material ScienceUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefei 230026 tzhou@ustc.edu.cn 
Yue Jun School of Chemistry and Material ScienceUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefei 230026  
Wang Yue* School of Chemistry and Material ScienceUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefei 230026  
Huang Bixia School of Chemistry and Material ScienceUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefei 230026  
Abstract:
The microstructural properties of gelatin samples derived from the bovine bone as well as skin of fish which inhabit in the cold sea were examined at molecular scale by using the positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy(PALS). The longest-lived component of PALS provides information about the free-volume holes in gelatin macromolecules. The results show that both average size and number of free-volume holes in the fish gelatin macromolecules are lower than those in the bovine gelatin macromolecules. Silver halide emulsions were also precipitated by using the balanced double-jet technique,for which two types of media containing fish gelatin and bone gelatin were used in the stage of nucleus formation,respectively. The monodispersibility of silver halide crystallites can be improved and the growth and coalescence of nucleus grains can be restricted when the fish gelatino-peptizer was used as dispersion medium at the nucleus formation. It thus suggested that the function of gelatino-peptizers as protective colloid is correlated with the microstructure character of gelatin macromolecules established by PALS. The gelatino-peptizer derived from the fish skin possesses stronger power governing nucleation and growth of silver halide grains compared with that made from the bovine bone.
Key words:  Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy(PALS),Free-volume holes,Fish gelatin,Bovine gelatin,Silver halide grain
FundProject:
明胶大分子中的正电子湮没行为
周涛*,岳军,王越,黄碧霞
摘要:
利用正电子湮没寿命谱,从分子尺度上对两种分别从深海鱼皮和牛骨提取的明胶大分子的微观结构性能进行了研究.正电子湮没寿命谱的长寿命组分给出了关于明胶大分子中自由体积空穴的信息.结果表明,鱼明胶大分子中自由体积空穴的尺度与数量均低于骨明胶大分子.同时,用鱼明胶和骨明胶作为成核分散介质的乳剂试验表明,鱼明胶可以改善卤化银颗粒的单分散性并抑制晶核的生长和聚结.由此认为,明胶作为保护性胶体的功能与其微结构特征相关.鱼明胶在控制卤化银颗粒成核与生长中的功能强于骨明胶.
关键词:  正电子湮没寿命谱  自由体积空穴  鱼明胶  骨明胶  卤化银颗粒
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/17/6/729-734
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