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Study on Enhancement Mechanism of Additive on the Absorption of Water Vapor by Aqueous LiBr
Cheng Wenlong*,Chen Zeshao
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Cheng Wenlong* Department of Thermal Science & Energy EngineeringUniversity of Science & Technology of ChinaHefei 230027 wlcheng@ustc.edu.cn 
Chen Zeshao Department of Thermal Science & Energy EngineeringUniversity of Science & Technology of ChinaHefei 230027  
Abstract:
The surface tensions of aqueous lithium bromide(LiBr)with additive(2-ethyl-1-hexanol and 1-Octanol)have been measured by using a Wihelmy plate method,and the enhancement effect of the additives on the absorption of steam into aqueous LiBr in a static pool has been studied by a real-time type laser holographic visualization method. The experimental results show that both of liquid additive and vapor additive can decrease the surface tensions of aqueous LiBr significantly,vapor additive not only can trigger the Marangoni convection at the absorption interface just like the liquid additive,but can bring about better enhancement effect on the absorption performance than that liquid additive can. The enhancement mechanism of additive on absorption has been concluded that both liquid additive and vapor additive can be adsorbed by aqueous LiBr at the liquid-vapor-interface from the liquid side and the vapor side respectively,which result in surface tension gradient,and then cause Marangoni convection at the interface which enhances the heat and mass transfer performance during the absorption process.
Key words:  Additive,LiBr,Absorption,Heat and mass transfer
FundProject:
添加剂对LiBr溶液吸收蒸汽过程中的强化机理
程文龙*,陈则韶
摘要:
利用吊板法测量了加有正辛醇和异辛醇这两种添加剂的溴化锂溶液的表面张力,利用激光照相的可视化方法研究了在静池吸收过程中添加剂对溴化锂溶液吸收水蒸汽的强化影响. 实验结果显示液体添加剂和蒸汽添加剂都能显著地降低溴化锂溶液的表面张力;蒸汽添加剂不仅和液体添加剂一样可以在吸收表面引起马拉戈尼对流,而且对吸收具有更好的强化效果. 根据对实验现象的分析,得出了添加剂对吸收的强化机理:由于溶液表面层对液体添加剂或蒸汽添加剂的表面吸附作用,造成吸收界面处表面张力分布不均匀,从而在吸收界面引起马拉戈尼对流现象,强化了吸收过程中的传热、传质性能.
关键词:  添加剂  溴化锂  吸收  传热传质
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/17/2/179-185
分类号: