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Doping Effect of Cr3+ on Magnetic Properties and Structure Stability of NiFe2O4
Chen Linshen1, Feng Chunmu1, Fu Maosheng2, Chen Songying2
1.CenterLaboratory at Xixi Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028;2.Institute ofCatalysis, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028
Abstract:
Cr3+doping NiFe2O4was prepared by mixed ions co-precipitation.The magnetic properties were investigated by the physical propertymeasurement system.The saturationmagnetizationMs, remanentmagnetizationMrand coactivity Hcwere calculated from 5 K hysteretic loops of different Cr3+doping content NiFe2O4after being annealed at 350 and 600℃. With the increasing of Cr3+content, for 350℃annealing samples,Msdecreased from 32.49 to 18.11 emu/g, Mrdecreased from 9.39 to 3.72 emu/g andHcincreased from 230 to 2500 Oe, for 600℃annealing samples,Msdecreased from 44.59 to 21.73 emu/g,Mrdecreased from14.04 to 10.32 emu/g andHcincreased from350 to 720 Oe, respectively. Itwas obviously shown that the magnetic properties of samples change corresponded to the doping content of Cr3+. XRDmeasurement also showed thatthe crystallite size and cell parameterof samples decreased as the increasingof Cr3+doping content. These results affirmed that Cr3+entered the lattice ofNiFe2O4after being annealed at 600℃. The existence of Cr3+in the structure ofNiFe2O4dramatically raised the stabilityof the spinel structure and CO2cycle decomposition times. Pure NiFe2O4lost its activity just after 15 cycle reactions, and the phase abundance ofNiFe2O4remained about5%, while Cr3+doping NiFe2O4still had some activities after 50 reaction times and the phase abundance of NiFe2O4still had 20%.
Key words:  NiFe2O4, Doping, Magnetic properties, CO2decomposition
FundProject:
掺杂铬对NiFe2O4的磁性和结构稳定性影响
陈林深*1, 冯春木1, 傅毛生2, 陈诵英2
1.浙江大学,分析测试中心西溪分中心,杭州,310028;2.浙江大学,催化研究所,杭州,310028
摘要:
利用物理特性测试仪对共沉淀法制备的Cr3+掺杂NiFe2O4的磁性能进行测试,发现掺杂Cr3+并经350、 600℃焙烧的NiFe2O4样品,饱和磁化强度Ms和剩磁Mr随掺杂量的增加而下降,矫顽磁场强度Hc随掺杂量的增加而增加.XRD平均晶粒测试结果显示,样品的平均晶粒大小随掺杂量的增加而减小.在共沉淀过程掺杂的Cr3+经600℃热处理后已进入NiFe2O4晶格.晶格中的Cr3+对NiFe2O4分解CO2的H2/CO2循环反应性能产生很大影响,纯NiFe2O4循环反应15次失活,而掺4%Cr3+的NiFe2O4循环反应50次仍然具有活性.
关键词:  NiFe2O4  掺杂  磁性能  CO2分解
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