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Charge Transport Properties of a Molecular Wire Investigated by the First Principle
Li Yingde1, Wang Chuankui2
1.Department ofPhysics, Weifang College, Weifang 261061;2.Department ofPhysics, ShandongNormal University, Ji′nan 250014
Abstract:
The thiol group can be attached to gold surfaces strongly and thus can be used as a bridge formolecularwires in nanoelectronics. By using the density functional theory, the authors have investigated the interaction between a molecule (SH-C8H16-SH) and a gold surfacewith theab initiomethod. The frontier orbit theory and the perturbation theory are employed to determine the constant of the interaction energy quantitatively, which is a parameter in describing the current-voltage properties of molecular wires by the elastic scattering Green function method. The numerical results show that the bonding between the sulfur atom and the gold atom corresponds mainly to the covalent bond. Some molecular orbits are extended over molecule and gold cluster that certainly give channels for the charge transport, and other molecular orbits are localized and the charge transport can take place through the tunnel mechanism. When the bias is low, there is a gap forthe currentof the molecularwire. With the increasingof the bias, the conductance of thewire exhibits in the form of plateaus. The numerical simulation will be helpful for the design of molecular electronic devices.
Key words:  Chemisorption, Molecularwire, Molecular electronics
FundProject:
分子线电子输运特性的第一性原理研究
李英德*1, 王传奎2
1.潍坊学院物理系,潍坊,261061;2.山东师范大学物理系,济南,250014
摘要:
从第一性原理出发,利用密度泛函理论研究了SH-C8H16-SH分子和金表面的相互作用,并利用分子前线轨道理论和微扰理论定量地确定了该相互作用能常数,然后,利用弹性散射格林函数方法研究了该分子与金表面形成的分子线的伏-安特性.研究结果表明,当含有硫氢官能团的有机分子化学吸附于金表面时,硫原子将与金原子形成以共价键为主的混和键,此时,扩展的分子轨道使分子线的电导呈现出欧姆特性,而对于局域的分子轨道,电子的输运只能通过隧道效应来实现.对分子线伏-安特性的计算结果显示,在零偏压附近,存在一个电流禁区,随着偏压的增加,分子线的电导呈现出平台特征.
关键词:  化学吸附  分子线  分子电子学
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/16/5/363-367
分类号: