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Preparation, Microstructure and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Co Doped Titanium Oxide Electrodes
Shen Pan,Cao Jianglin,Leng Wenhua*,Wang Jianming
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Shen Pan Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027  
Cao Jianglin Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027  
Leng Wenhua* Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 Lengwh@css.zju.edu.cn 
Wang Jianming Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027  
Abstract:
The Co doped titanium oxide film was prepared on pure titanium plates by sol-gel dip-coating technique using Co(Ⅱ) metal salts and tetrabutyltitanate (Ti(OC4H9)4) as precursors. The microstructure and photoelectrochemical properties of 5%Co doped-TiO2 film photoelectrode were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, photocurrent response spectra, etc.The wavelength of the light source in the experiment was more than 460 nm. Various Co(Ⅱ) metal salts (Co(NO3)2, Co(AC)2 and CoSO4) were chosen to compare the influence of different dopant precursors and the photocurrent response spectra showed that Co (AC)2 was better than the other two. Thus, the work focused on Co(AC)2 dopant. It was found the photoelectric efficiency of %Co doped-TiO2 film photoelectrode was remarkably higher than that of pure TiO2 film photoelectrode. It suggested that suitable content of doped Co(Ⅱ) in TiO2 can efficiently extend the light absorption properties to the visible region, which was probably due to the fact Co(Ⅱ) can generate crystal effect on TiO2 crystal lattice. The amount of doped Co(Ⅱ) was an important factor affecting photocatalytic activities, the optimum amount of doped Co(Ⅱ) was 5%. With increasing the content of doped Co, the separate phase of CoTiO3 appeared, which reduced the value of photocurrent of 5%Co doped-TiO2/Ti film electrode. Furthermore, excessive doped Co(Ⅱ) promoted the anatase-rutile phase transformation process and reduced the temperature of phase transition. In addition, when the heating temperature was above 500℃, the X-ray diffraction showed few sperate phases of CoTiO3appeared and some anatase phases converted to rutile phases. 5%Co-doped-TiO2/Ti electrode formed at 500℃with 2 coating layers had the highest photoelectric efficiency under the visible light (λ>460 nm).
Key words:  Titanium oxide electrode, Co doped, Photoelectrochemistry, Visible light
FundProject:国家自然科学基金资助项目(20107006).
掺钴氧化钛电极的制备、表征及其光电性能
谌攀,曹江林,冷文华*,王建明
摘要:
采用溶胶-凝胶法在纯钛片上制备了掺Co氧化钛薄膜光电极,运用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、 X射线衍射(XRD)等分析手段对其进行表征,并对其结构和性能的相互关系进行了研究.结果表明,掺5%Co, 500℃热处理的TiO2电极具有最大的可见光响应.过量的Co掺入将析出新相CoTiO3,并促使TiO2由锐钛矿型转变为金红石型,使电极光电效应减低.而高温处理的掺钴TiO2也将析出CoTiO3,对电极光电性能有阻碍作用.
关键词:  氧化钛电极  钴掺杂  光电性质  可见光  
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/16/4/307-311
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