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Research on the Mechanism of the Photocatalytic Oxidation Reaction of HCH2OH with Nanoscale TiO2
Ding Yanwei,Wu Ying,Fan Chongzheng
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Ding Yanwei Department of Chemical Physics, Research Center of Resource and Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026  
Wu Ying Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Hefei Union University, Hefei 230022  
Fan Chongzheng Department of Chemical Physics, Research Center of Resource and Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 ywding@mail.ustc.edu.cn 
Abstract:
Nanoscale TiO2 was used as the photocatalyst in the oxidization process of methanol, formaldehyde, and formic acid with the 0.1 mol/L aqueous solution respectively. 60 mL of HCH2OH, HCHO and HCOOH with 0.1 mol/L was put in a glass tube reactor respectively with 0.2 g nanoscale TiO2 oxygen flowed into the reactor with the 60 mL/min from the bottom. An Hg lamp with 364 nm as the main wavelength generated UV light at 25~28℃. And the irradiation lasted 10 h. The final product CO2 and the decreasing reactant were detected by the thermal conductivity detector (TCD) and the hydrogen flame ionization detector (FID) of gas chromatograph respectively. From the change of the concentration of the reactant and CO2, the reaction order of the group was zero order respectively. And the Langmuir-Hinshelwood Equation also confirmed the conclusion. Formic acid was the easiest one to be oxidized and methanol was the most difficult one to be oxidized. TiO2 was characterized by TEM, XRD, SSA and XPS respectively. The micro crystal of TiO2 is mainly anatase characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and its average particle size is about 15 nm from the TEM image. The specific surface area of TiO2 has some reduction after irradiation. Formaldehyde and formic acid were found on the surface of TiO2 after the reaction, which showed that formaldehyde and formic acid were the intermediates of methanol during the photocatalytic reaction. The XPS of TiO2 after reactions showed that the mechanism of oxidization methanol should be: methanol was oxidized to be formaldehyde firstly, then through formic acid, until CO2 and H2O appeared.
Key words:  Nanoscale TiO2, Photocatalytic oxidization, XPS, Reaction mechanism
FundProject:
甲醇在纳米TiO2作用下进行光催化氧化反应的机理研究
丁延伟,吴缨,范崇政*
摘要:
以纳米TiO2为催化剂,以主波长为364 nm的汞灯为光源,用气相色谱法分别考察了0.1 mol/L的甲醇、甲醛和甲酸水溶液进行光催化氧化反应的动力学规律.Langmuir-Hinshelwood方程进行核算结果证明,该组反应均为零级反应.用TEM、 XRD、 SSA和XPS对催化剂进行表征.根据XPS的检测结果提出了甲醇光催化氧化的反应机理.TiO2光激发活化时间约为30~60 min,生成物及剩余反应物浓度随时间变化的曲线表明,该反应速率为HCH2OH
关键词:  纳米二氧化钛  光催化氧化  XPS  反应机理
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/15/6/465-470
分类号: