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Preparation and Characterization of Magnetic Polyaniline Micropheres
Deng Jianguo,Peng Yuxing*,Ding Xiaobing,Wang Jianhua,Long Xinping,Li Pei,Albert S. C. Chan*
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Deng Jianguo Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, The Academic Institute of China, Chengdu 610041; The Institute of Chemical Materials, CAEP, Mianyang919-311,621900  
Peng Yuxing* Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, The Academic Institute of China, Chengdu 610041 jg2001584@sohu.com  
Ding Xiaobing Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, The Academic Institute of China, Chengdu 610041  
Wang Jianhua The Institute of Chemical Materials, CAEP, Mianyang919-311,621900  
Long Xinping The Institute of Chemical Materials, CAEP, Mianyang919-311,621900  
Li Pei Open Laboratory of Chirotechnology and Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong  
Albert S. C. Chan* Open Laboratory of Chirotechnology and Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong jg2001584@sohu.com  
Abstract:
The Fe3O4 nanoparticles primarily prepared by precipitation-oxidation method, and the Fe3O4-PANI nanoparticles with core-shell structure is synthesized via an in-situ polymerization of aniline monomer in an aqueous solution, which contains well-dispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles and surfactant NaBS. The particles are almost spherical with diameters ranging from 20~30 nm. These particles are polydisperse and some of them agglomerated due to magneto-dipole interactions between particles. TEM micrographs of Fe3O4-PANI nanoparticles, which is quite polydispersed. 70%~80% of the Fe3O4-PANI particles are ranged from 70~100 nm in diameter. In order to identify the core-shell structure of nanoparticles, the Fe3O4-PANI powder composite was dissolved with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidore, which is a good solvent for PANI, and observed by TEM again. The micrograph was similar to the micrograph of Fe3O4 particles. This result indicated Fe3O4-PANI nanoparticle was core-shell structure. The core is Fe3O4nanoparticles and the shell is composed of PANI. Fe3O4 content was found to affect significantly on both conductivity and magnetization of the resulting PANI composites. When 9% Fe3O4 was incorporated into PANI, the conductivity of PANI composite was greatly reduced from 5.55×10-3~1.53×10-4 s/cm. Further increasing of Fe3O4content from 16%~44%, results in slight reduction of the conductivity at room temperature. The decrease in conductivity of Fe3O4-PANI composite with increasing Fe3O4 content was due to a decrease in the doping degree, assigned as S/N ratio. The S/N ratios decrease from 0.31 to 0.09 with increasing Fe3O4 content from 0 to 44 %. The magnetic properties of the Fe3O4-PANI nanocomposite depend on the Fe3O4 content. Increasing Fe3O4 content from 0 to 44 considerably increases both the saturated magnetization (Ms) and the coercive force (Hc) from 0~55.4 emu/g and 0~62 Oe, respectively. Since PANI powder is not magnetic, the magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles are attributed to the ferromagnetic properties. The magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles can improve the thermal stability of Fe3O4-polyaniline nanocomposites due to interaction between Fe3O4 particles and polyaniline chains.
Key words:  Polyaniline, Ferromagnetic properties, Conductivity, Core/shell structure
FundProject:香港理工大学资助项目和中国工程物理研究院预研基金资助项目(20010549).
磁性聚苯胺纳米微球的合成与表征
邓建国,彭宇行*,丁小斌,王建华,龙新平,李蓓,陈兴滋*
摘要:
报道了具有核壳结构的Fe3O4-聚苯胺磁性纳米微球的合成方法和表征结果.微球同时具有导电性和磁性能.在优化的实验条件下,可得到饱和磁化强度Ms为55.4 emu/g,矫顽力Hc为62 Oe的磁性微球.微球的导电性随着微球中Fe含量的增加而下降.微球的磁性能则随着Fe含量的增加而增大.Fe3O4磁流体的粒径和磁性聚苯胺微球的粒径均在纳米量级.纳米Fe3O4粒子能够提高复合物的热性能.实验表明,磁流体和聚苯胺之间可能存在着一定的相互作用,但这种相互作用较为复杂,难于研究
关键词:  聚苯胺  磁性能  导电性  核/壳结构
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/15/2/149-152
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