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The DFT Studies on Structure and Property of Octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine
Xiao Jijun,Zhang Ji,Yang Dong,Xiao Heming
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Xiao Jijun Institute of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing210094  
Zhang Ji Institute of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing210094  
Yang Dong Institute of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing210094  
Xiao Heming Institute of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing210094 xiao@mail.njust.edu.cn 
Abstract:
The compound octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine is a well known energetic material called cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine (commonly known asHMX in the explosives field). It is an eight-numbered cyclic nitramine with best comprehensive properties and with applications ranging from explosives and rocked propellants to automobile air bags. It is unusual among high explosives as it has four readily formed and well-recognized polymorphs.β-HMX is the thermodynamically stable from under ambient condition. Despite the many experimental investigations, very few theoretical studies have previously been reported for HMX. The high accurate calculation for HMX has been carried out based on ab initio quantum mechanics. Geometry optimization and normal-mode analysis of HMX inβform are performed using nonlocal density functional theory(DFT) method. The density functional used in this study is B3LYP and the basis set employedis 6-31G*. Normal-mode analyses are used to characterize the stable point and to determine harmonic vibrational frequencies forβ-HMX conformer. The molecular geometry, electronic structures, IR spectra and thermodynamic properties are obtained. The fully optimized geometric parameters and the net electric charges on atoms all have Cisymmetric property. C-N bond lengths are among 0.144~0.148 nm. This indicates that all cyclic C-N bonds are single bond. The N-NO2bond Mulliken population is the smallest among the bonding atoms. The fact indicates that there are less electronics between them and predicts that this bond is an initial bond for pyrolysis and explosive. The IR spectra are in good agreement with the corresponding experiment data. Half of the 78 harmonic vibrational frequencies forβ-HMX are IR active and belong to Au representation, the rest are Raman active and belong to Ag representation. The calculated standard thermodynamic functions, heat capacities at standard conditionC0p,m, standard entropySm0and standard enthalpyHm0between 298~1200 K increase with the increasing temperature. These functions are helpful to further study on the reaction and properties forHMX.
Key words:  Cyclotetramethylene tetranitramine, Density functional theory, Electronic structure, IR spectra, Thermodynamic functions
FundProject:国防科工委基础研究项目.
环四甲撑四硝胺(HMX)结构和性质的DFT研究
肖继军,张骥,杨栋,肖鹤鸣*
摘要:
用密度泛函理论(DFT)B3LYP方法,取6-31G基组,求得环四甲撑四硝胺分子的几何构型、电子结构、 IR谱和298~1200 K的热力学性质.全优化几何构型和电子结构均具有Ci对称性.在相邻原子之间以N-NO2键的Mulliken集居数最小,表明其间电子分布较少,预示其为热解和起爆的引发键.IR谱与实验结果良好相符.
关键词:  环四甲撑四硝胺  密度泛函理论  电子结构  IR谱  热力学函数
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/15/1/41-45
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