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Theoretical Studies on the Structure and Thermodynamic Properties of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxin
Liu Gousheng,Song Xingfu,Yu Jianguo,Qian Xuhong
Author NameAffiliation
Liu Gousheng School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 
Song Xingfu School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 
Yu Jianguo School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 
Qian Xuhong School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 
Abstract:
Density functional theory (DFT) andab initiomethods were used to optimize the molecular geometry of 2,3,7,8-TCDD at B3LYP/6-31G, B3LYP/6-31G*, B3LYP/6311G* and MP2/6-31G* levels, respectively. Harmonic vibrational spectrums have been performed at B3LYP/6-31G* and B3LYP/6-311G* levels. The standard thermodynamic parameters such as heats of formation, standard entropy, standard enthalpy, heat capacity at various temperatures have been evaluated using the scaled B3LYP/6-31G* and B3LYP/6-311G* frequencies. Semi-empirical molecular orbital method with the PM3 Hamiltonian at restricted Hartree-Fock level (RHF) was also performed to compare the geometrical optimization and thermodynamic properties with those methods mentioned above. The results show that: (1) 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin(TCDD) is a planar molecule, optimal geometries obtained by B3LYP/6-31G, B3LYP/6-31G*, B3LYP/6311G * andMP2 / 6 - 3 1 G* arealmostthesame, thelargestdifferenceinbondlengthbetweenthemis 7.9 pm, the largest difference in bond angle is 0.55o, and the largest difference in rotational constant is 0.03 GHz; (2) There are 60 vibrational frequencies for this molecule, of which there are 10 strongest intensities of vibration bands. The computed frequency scaled by 0.9628 for B3LYP/6-31G* and scaled by 0.9711 for B3LYP/6-311G* have similar frequencies and intensities of vibration bands, both are in good accordance with experimental values. (3) The thermody namic parameters such as standard entropy, standard enthalpy, heat capacity, heats of formation at temperatures from 298~1500K have been calculated, All the thermodynamic parameters increase with the increment of temperature, and the difference between B3LYP/6-31G* and B3LYP/6-311G* is small, PM3 method alsopredictsgood results, and ingood accordancewithother′sworksandexperimen talvalues. (4) The optimal geometry and thermodynamic parameters of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) obtained in this paper would be fundamental databases for further research on generation, decomposition and kinetics study of dioxins.
Key words:  2,3,7,8-tetrachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), Density functional theory
FundProject:
2,3,7,8-四氯苯并二英分子结构与热力学性质的理论研究
刘够生,宋兴福,于建国,钱旭红
摘要:
用密度泛函理论(DFT)和从头算(abinitio)方法,在B3LYP/6-31G、B3LYP/6-31G*、B3LYP/6-311G*和MP2/6-31G*水平上全优化计算了2,3,7,8-四氯苯并二英(2,3,7,8-TCDD)的几何构型、电子结构和振动频率,并用校正后的频率计算了298~1500K的标准热力学函数,同时用半经验的PM3SCF-MO进行了同样的计算,计算结果与实验值及文献值较好地吻合.
关键词:  2,3,7,8-四氯苯并二英  密度泛函理论(DFT)  热力学性质  PM3方法
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/14/4/414-420
分类号: