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The Formation of Stable H4+ by Reaction
Wang Huaying,Zhang Xia
Author NameAffiliation
Wang Huaying Department of Physics,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875 
Zhang Xia Department of Physics,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875 
Abstract:
A Penning ion trap was used to generate H4+ by reaction H2+ +H2 at very low pres-sures.The original H2+ were produced by electron impact.Subseqently reaction occurred.The dominant reaction product was H3+ but a significant H4+ signal was observed at suitable H2 pressure and delay time interval.Statistical mean energy of the H2+ was about 0.65eV.It is found that the reaction H2+ +H2→H3++H probability is largeat low energy (≤1eV).Asa reslut,the mojority of the H2+ transformed to H3+.Only very small proportion of reaction products was stable intermediate H4+.Because the depth of H4+ potential energy surface minimum is very shallow,only the H2+ with very slow velocity can probably react with H2 to produce stable H4+.The proportion of H3+ to H4+ was about 4:1 from our experimental data.It is estimated by statistical distribution law that the H2+ with low energy less than 0.4eV can proba~-bly form stable H4+ species.Because H4+ signal occurred after long delay time (i.e.trappinginterval),it is positively concluded that the H4+ were formed by reaction H2++H2→H4+.The trapping interval is of the order of 0.1s.Any quasibound H4+ would have decayed at times short relative to 0.1s and hence the H4+ signal corresponds to stable H4+.It is much longer than order of 10-6s measured before by Kirchner.
Key words:  Penning ion trap,Ion spectrum,Cluster ion,Impact reaction
FundProject:
用离子阱经H2++H2碰撞反应碰撞反应制备H4+
汪华英,张霞
摘要:
用Penning型离子阱经碰撞反应H2++H2→H4+产生稳定的H4+。主要的反应产物是H3+,但十分明显地观测到H4+信号。H4+在阱中稳定存在时间长达0.1s量级。远比Kirchner等人测量的10-6s量级长。最后讨论了生成H4+的反应过程机制。
关键词:  Penning型离子阱  离子谱  团簇离子  碰撞反应
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/13/4/425-429
分类号: