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Melting Mechanism and Structure Evolution of Au Nanofilms Explored by Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Guo-bing Zhou,Zhen Yang*,Fang-jia Fu,Na Hu,Xiang-shu Chen*,Duan-jian Tao
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Guo-bing Zhou College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi Inorganic Membrane Materials Engineering Research Center, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China  
Zhen Yang* College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi Inorganic Membrane Materials Engineering Research Center, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China yangzhen@jxnu.edu.cn 
Fang-jia Fu College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi Inorganic Membrane Materials Engineering Research Center, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China  
Na Hu College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi Inorganic Membrane Materials Engineering Research Center, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China  
Xiang-shu Chen* College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi Inorganic Membrane Materials Engineering Research Center, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China cxs66cn@jxnu.edu.cn 
Duan-jian Tao College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi Inorganic Membrane Materials Engineering Research Center, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China  
Abstract:
The melting mechanism and structure evolution of two-dimensional Au nanofilms with different thicknesses have been investigated in detail by using classical molecular dynamics simulations. The simulation results demonstrate that all Au nanofilms display a two-stage melting behavior of surface premelting and homogenous melting. Furthermore, the premelting behavior only occurs in the outermost layers but the other inner layers always keep a stable solid state until the corresponding melting point, which is different from the premelting behavior from surface into the interior in zero-dimensional Au nanocluster and one-dimensional Au nanowire. Meanwhile, the increase of nanofilm thickness can lead to an increase of melting point. During the premelting process, the surface reconstruction from the f100g plane to the f111g plane has directly been observed at a atomic level for all Au nanofilms. However even for the thinnest L2 nanofilm, the surface stress can't induce such surface reconstruction until temperature is up to 500 K, while similar surface reconstruction induced by surface stress can be observed at much lower temperature for the Au nanowire due to its higher surface-to-volume ratios compared to the Au nanofilm. In addition, our simulation results show that the thinnest Au nanofilm with two atomic layers can be broken into independent one-dimensional nanowires when the temperature reaches a certain value.
Key words:  Phase transition, Surface reconstruction, Au nanofilm, Molecular dynamics simulation
FundProject:
Au纳米薄膜的熔化机理及其结构演变的分子动力学模拟
周国兵,杨振*,傅方佳,胡娜,陈祥树*,陶端健
摘要:
利用分子动力学模拟详细研究了不同厚度的Au纳米薄膜的熔化机理和结构演变. 模拟结果表明所有Au纳米薄膜的熔化行为分为两个阶段,即表面预熔和均相熔化. 只有最外层原子出现了预熔化行为, 其他内层原子在均相熔化之前始终保持稳定的固态,这与零维的Au纳米团簇和一维的Au纳米线的预熔化行为是不同的. 同时Au纳米薄膜的熔化温度随着薄膜厚度的增加而升高. 在预熔化过程中,在原子水平上发现了所有的Au纳米薄膜的f100g晶面向f111g晶面转变的表面重建过程. 对于最薄的L2纳米薄膜,当温度低于500 K 时表面应力不能诱导这样的表面重建. 然而一维的Au纳米线在更低温度下就能够观察到了由表面应力诱导的表面重建过程. 这主要是因为Au纳米线具有更高的比表面积所导致的. 另外研究结果还表明当模拟温度达到某一特定值时,由双原子层组成的Au纳米薄膜能够分裂成一维的纳米线.
关键词:  相转变,表面重建,Au纳米薄膜,分子动力学模拟
DOI:10.1063/1674-0068/28/cjcp1502011
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