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Effects of Non-specific and Specific Solvation on Adsorption of BPTI on Au Surface: Insight from Molecular Dynamics Simulation
Wei Yang,Li-yun Zhang,Meng-long Li,Xue-mei Pu*,Nan-rong Zhao*
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Wei Yang Faculty of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China  
Li-yun Zhang Faculty of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China  
Meng-long Li Faculty of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China  
Xue-mei Pu* Faculty of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China xmpuscu@scu.edu.cn 
Nan-rong Zhao* Faculty of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China zhaonanr@scu.edu.cn 
Abstract:
Proteins adsorption at solid surfaces are of paramount important for many natural processes. However, the role of specific water in influencing the adsorption process has not been well understood. We used molecular dynamics simulation to study the adsorption of BPTI on Au surface in three water environments (dielectric constant model, partial and full solvation models). The result shows that a fast and strong adsorption can occur in the dielectric environment, which leads to significant structure changes, as confirmed by great deviation from the crystal structure, largely spreading along the Au surface, rapid lose in all secondary structures and the great number of atoms in contact with the surface. Compared to the dielectric model, slower adsorption and fewer changes in the calculated properties above are observed in the partial solvation system since the specific water layer weakens the adsorption effects. However, in the partial solvation system, the adsorption of polar Au surface causes a significant decrease in the specific hydration around the protein, which still results in large structure changes similar to the dielectric system, but with much less adsorption extent. Enough water molecules in the full solvation system could allow the protein to rotate, and to large extent preserve the protein native structure, thus leading to the slowest and weakest adsorption. On the whole, the effects of non-specific and specific solvation on the protein structure and adsorption dynamics are significantly different, highlighting the importance of the specific water molecule in the protein adsorption.
Key words:  Adsorption, Au surface, Implicit water, Partial solvation, Full solvation
FundProject:
特定和非特定溶剂化对BPTI在金表面吸附的分子动力学模拟
杨巍,张力耘,李梦龙,蒲雪梅*,赵南蓉*
摘要:
采用分子动力学方法研究了三种水溶剂环境(即介电常数模型、部分溶剂化模型和全溶剂化模型)中牛胰蛋白酶抑制剂(BPTI)在金表面上的吸附效应. 结果表明BPTI在介电常数模型中会发生快而强的吸附作用并导致蛋白质结构发生大的结构偏差、明显的沿金表面的平铺展开、二级结构的快速消失、更多的原子出现在与金表面强相互作用的区域. 与介电常数模型相比,部分溶剂化模型中蛋白质与金表面间的显含水分子削弱了金的吸附作用,使得吸附速度和结构的变化程度减弱,但金吸附导致的蛋白质紧密水化层的损失仍然使得它的结构发生明显的变化. 蛋白质在全溶剂化的体系中吸附速度和程度是最慢最弱的,结构变化最小并能发生一定程度的旋转来寻找合适的吸附
关键词:  吸附,金表面,隐含水,部分溶剂化,全溶剂化
DOI:10.1063/1674-0068/26/05/558-568
分类号: