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Self-assembly and UV-curing Property of Polymerized Lyotropic Liquid Crystal Monomer of Sodium 3,4,5-tris(11 acryloxyundecyloxy)benzoate
Yu-qin Bai,Jin-bao Guo*,Ying Wang,Jie Wei*
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Yu-qin Bai State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Syntheses and Applications of Waterborne Polymers, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China  
Jin-bao Guo* State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Syntheses and Applications of Waterborne Polymers, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China guojb@mail.buct.edu.cn 
Ying Wang State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Syntheses and Applications of Waterborne Polymers, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China  
Jie Wei* State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Syntheses and Applications of Waterborne Polymers, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China weijie-2008@hotmail.com 
Abstract:
A polymerized lyotropic liquid crystal monomer of sodium 3,4,5-tris(11-acryloxyundecyloxy)-benzoate was synthesized by a convenient route starting from 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid via esterification followed by etherification, acylation and finally neutralization. The chemi-cal structure was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectral analysis. The self-organization behavior of the monomer with deionized water in methanol at room temperature was also demonstrated. The assemblies were char-acterized by polarized optical microscope and X-ray diffraction. The results show that a solution containing 80:20 of the monomer to water was found to be able to self-organize into Lamellar (La) phase and 92:8 with inverted hexagonal (HII) phase, which was in ac-cordance with the theoretical calculation of critical packing parameter. It suggests that the concentration of the monomer was the key factor to influence assembly structure. Addi-tionally, the acrylate conversion with different photoinitiators and nanostructure retention after polymerization were investigated. The research shows that the acrylate conversion of the monomer with Darocur2959 could reach up to 78% when irradiated by 30 mW/cm2 UV light of 365 nm for 30 min characterized by Real-time FT-IR as well as the sol-gel method. Meanwhile, the La and HII phase nanostructures were both retained after polymerization.
Key words:  Polymerized lyotropic liquid crystal, Self-assembly, La phase, HII phase, UV-curing
FundProject:
可聚合型溶致液晶单体3,4,5-三(11-十一烷氧丙烯酰氧基)苯甲酸钠的自组装及紫外光固化性能
白玉勤,郭金宝*,王影,魏杰*
摘要:
以3,4,5-三羟基苯甲酸为原料,依次经过酯化、醚化、酰氯化和钠盐化四步反应合成一种可聚合型溶致液晶单体3,4,5-三(11-十一烷氧丙烯酰氧基)苯甲酸钠,并对其结构进行了傅里叶变换红外与1H核磁表征. 在室温下研究了该单体在水中的自组装行为,组装体结构通过偏光显微镜与X射线衍射仪进行表征. 研究表明,单体与水比例为80:20时可自组装为层状(La)相,92:8时组装为反六方(HII)相,这与临界堆积参数的理论计算相吻合,表明单体浓度是影响组装体结构的重要因素. 在组装的基础上研究了含不同光引发剂的溶致液晶体系的双键转化率及固化后组装体结构的保留. 经实时红外表征及溶胶-凝胶法的验证发现在光强为30 mW/cm2的365 nm下曝光30 min,含引发剂Darocur2959的溶致液晶体系双键转化率可达78%. 聚合之后La相与HII相的纳米结构都得到了保留.
关键词:  可聚合型溶致液晶,自组装,层状相,反六方相,紫外光固化
DOI:10.1063/1674-0068/26/01/95-101
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