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Structural and Magnetic Properties of Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3
Bin-feng Ding*
Department of Physics and Electronic Information, Langfang Teachers College, Langfang 065000, China
Abstract:
Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3 bulk ceramics with Mn concentration x up to 0.3 were prepared by rapid sintering using sol-gel derived fine powders. Structure transformation is found to depend on the Mn doping concentration by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3 maintains the rhombohedral structure of BiFeO3 with x=0.05 and 0.1, but changes to the orthorhombic structure with x=0.3. Weak ferromagnetism is observed for Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3 with x=0.05 and 0.1, but stronger paramagnetism is observed for Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3 with x=0.3 indicating a magnetic phase change from antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic with the structure changing from R3c to C222. Two anomalies at 30 and 140 K are observed for Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3 with x=0.05 and 0.1. The anomaly at 30 K is concluded to be related to the freezing of cluster spin glass from dc magnetic memory and relaxation measurements.
Key words:  Multiferroic, Spin glass, Ferromagnetism, Cluster
FundProject:
Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3的结构与磁性
丁斌峰*
廊坊师范学院物理与电子信息学院,廊坊065000
摘要:
使用快速烧结和溶胶-凝胶方法制备了Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3的块材陶瓷,其x能够达到0.3,因而可以得到较细的粉末. 经X射线衍射谱和拉曼光谱研究发现其结构转变取决于锰的掺杂浓度. 当x=0.05和0.1时,Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3的结构保持斜方六面体结构;当x=0.3时,Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3的结构变化到正方六面体结构.在x=0.05和0.1时观测到弱铁磁性,但在x=0.3时观测到强顺磁性. 这显示了Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3从反铁磁性到顺磁性的磁相变,同时也表明其结构从R3C变化到C222. 在30和140 K, x=0.05和0.1时,观察到Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3的两个反常现象. 在30 K时,直流磁记忆和缓慢测量Bi(Fe1-xMnx)O3团族的反常现象与冷冻的旋转玻璃系统有关.
关键词:  多铁性,自旋玻璃体,铁磁体
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/25/02/204-208
分类号: