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Oxidative Coupling of Methane over Li/MgO: Catalyst and Nanocatalyst Performance
Ali Farsi*1,2, Ali Moradi1, Sattar Ghader1, Vahid Shadravan1,2
1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran;2.Young Researchers Society, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, P. O. Box 76175-133, Iran
Abstract:
The Li/MgO catalyst and nanocatalyst were prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation and sol-gel method, respectively. The catalytic performance of the Li/MgO catalyst and nanocatalyst on oxidative coupling of methane was compared. The catalysts prepared in two ways were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface and transmission electron microscope. The catalyst was tested at temperature of 973-1073 K with constant total pressure of 101 kPa. Experimental results showed that Li/MgO nanocatalyst in the oxidative coupling of methane would result in higher conversion of methane, higher selectivity, and higher yield of main products (ethane and ethylene) compared to ordinary catalyst. The results show the improved influence of nanoscale Li/MgO catalyst performance on oxidative coupling of methane.
Key words:  Oxidative coupling of methane, Nanocatalyst, Sol-gel
FundProject:
甲烷氧化偶联锂/氧化镁催化剂和纳米催化剂
Ali Farsi*1,2, Ali Moradi1, Sattar Ghader1, Vahid Shadravan1,2
1.伊朗Shahid Bahona大学化学工程系,克尔曼;2.伊朗Shahid Bahona大学Young研究中心,克尔曼
摘要:
采用初湿浸渍和溶胶凝胶法分别制备了Li/MgO催化剂和Li/MgO纳米催化剂. 比较两种Li/MgO催化剂对于甲烷氧化偶联反应的催化性能. 采用X射线衍射、BET吸附和透射电镜进行了表征.在973-1073 K和总压力为101 kPa下对催化剂进行了测试. 实验结果表明,Li/MgO纳米催化剂比普通催化剂对于甲烷氧化偶联反应表现为更高的甲烷转换率,较高选择性和较高的的主要产品(乙烷和乙烯)的产率.
关键词:  甲烷氧化偶联,纳米催化剂,溶胶凝胶法
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/24/01/70-76
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