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Comparative Studies on Degradation of Methyl Orange by Nanostructured Zinc and Zinc Oxide Films
Bing-jun Wu,Chang-shan Hao,Bin Xie,Ming Li*
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Bing-jun Wu USTC-SHINCRON Joint Laboratory, Hefei National Laboratory for Microscale Science of Physics,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, ChinaTianjin Key Laboratory of Optical Thin Film, Tianjin Jinhang Institute of Technology Physics,Tia  
Chang-shan Hao USTC-SHINCRON Joint Laboratory, Hefei National Laboratory for Microscale Science of Physics,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Bin Xie USTC-SHINCRON Joint Laboratory, Hefei National Laboratory for Microscale Science of Physics,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China  
Ming Li* USTC-SHINCRON Joint Laboratory, Hefei National Laboratory for Microscale Science of Physics,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China seagullc@ustc.edu.cn 
Abstract:
Nanostructured zinc and zinc oxide films were prepared by magnetron sputtering processes and succeeded air annealing treatments. Comparison of reductive degradation rate of methyl orange (MO) by zinc films and photocatalytic degradation rate of MO by zinc oxide films was carried out. Both reductive degradation and photocatalytic degradation process of MO by zinc and zinc oxide films can be described by first order kinetic model. It was found that although MO liquid was most quickly decolorized by metallic zinc films, the mineraliza-tion of MO was not thorough. Observation of extra ultraviolet absorption peaks indicated the formation of aromatic intermediates. On the other hand, although the photocatalytic degradation rate of MO liquid by ZnO films was only as about 1/4 large as the reductive degradation rate by zinc films, no signs of aromatic intermediates were found. Moreover, it was found that partially oxidized zinc oxide film showed higher photocatalytic efficiency than the totally oxidized ZnO films. Synergy effect between zinc and zinc oxide phase in the partially oxidized films was considered to be responsible for the higher photocatalytic efficiency.
Key words:  Methyl orange, Zinc, ZnOx, ZnO, Reductive degradation, Photocatalysis
FundProject:
纳米结构锌及锌氧化物薄膜对甲基橙的降解作用研
吴炳俊,郝常山,谢斌,李明*
摘要:
采用磁控溅射方法制备了纳米金属锌薄膜,结合后续的空气退火处理制备了纳米锌氧化物薄膜. 金属锌薄膜对甲基橙的还原降解以及锌氧化物薄膜对甲基橙的光催化降解过程都可以用一级反应动力学方程来描述. 甲基橙溶液在金属锌膜的还原降解下具有最快的褪色速率,但矿化不完全:在紫外光波段出现的额外吸收峰表明生成了芳香族中间产物. 完全氧化的氧化锌薄膜对甲基橙的光催化降解速率仅为金属锌膜还原降解速率的1/4左右,没有出现芳香族中间产物. 另外实验发现部分氧化的锌氧化物薄膜对甲基橙的光催化降解速率明显高于完全氧化的氧化锌薄膜,光催化活性的提高可能由于部分氧化薄膜中同时存在的金属锌及氧化锌相之间的协同效应.
关键词:  甲基橙,锌,锌氧化物,氧化锌,还原降解,光催化
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/23/05/615-620
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