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Quantum Dot Based on Z-shaped Graphene Nanoribbon: A First-principles Study
Ren Hao, Li Qunxiang, Shi Qinwei, Yang Jinlong
National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China
Abstract:
The electronic and transport properties of the Z-shaped graphene nanoribbons heterojunction are investigated by a fully self-consistent nonequilibrium Green's function method combined with density functional theory. The first-principles calculations show that the robust quantum confinement effect in the junction can be used to design the quantum dot. The electronic states are confined by the topological structure of the junction. This kind of Z-shaped quantum dot can be realized regardless of doping impurity, edge chemical modification, and the length of junction. Moreover, the spatial distribution and the number of confined states are tunable.
Key words:  quantum dot, Z-shaped graphene nanoribbons, first-principles calculation
FundProject:国家自然科学基金
基于Z型石墨纳米条带的量子点:第一性原理研究
任浩, 李群祥, 石勤伟, 杨金龙
中国科学技术大学合肥微尺度物质科学国家实验室
摘要:
本文采用全自洽的格林函数和电子密度泛函理论方法对Z型石墨纳米条带的电子结构和输运性质进行了理论研究。理论计算结果表明Z型石墨纳米条带可以用来设计量子点。由于分子结的特殊几何结构,一些分立电子态可以被囚禁在中间纳米条带内,表现出明显量子限域效应。我们还发现这些被囚禁电子态的数目和它们的空间分布特征是可以调制的,然而这种基于Z型石墨纳米条带的量子点总是可以实现,而不受掺杂、边界化学修饰以及分子结长度的影响
关键词:  量子点,Z型石墨纳米条带分子结,第一性原理计算
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/20/04/489-494
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