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Photoinduced Intramolecular Charge Transfer in Donor-acceptor Dyad and Donor-bridge-acceptor Triad
Yong Ding*1,2, Yuan-zuo Li1, Feng-cai Ma*1
1.Department of Physics, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, China;2.Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Abstract:
The ground and excited state properties of the [60]fullerene, diphenylbenzothiadiazole-triphenylamine (PBTDP-TPA) dyad and fullerene-diphenylbenzothiadiazole-triphenylamine (fullerene-PBTDP-TPA) triad were investigated theoretically using density functional theory with B3LYP functional and 3-21G basis et and time-dependent density functional theory with B3LYP functional and STO-3G basis set as well as 2D and 3D real space analysis methods. The 2D site representation reveals the electron-hole coherence on excitation. The 3D transition density shows the orientation and strength of the transition dipole moment, and the 3D charge difference density gives the orientation and result of the intramolecular charge transfer. Also, photoinduced intermolecular charge transfer (ICT) in PBTDP-TPA-fullerene triad are identified with 2D and 3D representations, which reveals the mechanisms of ICT in donor-bridge-acceptor triad on excitation. Besides that we also found that the direct superexchange ICT from donor to acceptor (tunneling through the bridge) strongly promotes the ICT in the donor-bridge-acceptor triad.
Key words:  Donor-acceptor dyad, Donor-bridge-acceptor triad, Intramolecular charge transfer, Superex-change
FundProject:国家自然科学基金
Photoinduced Intramolecular Charge Transfer in Donor-acceptor Dyad and Donor-bridge-acceptor Triad
丁勇*1,2, 李源作1, 马凤才* 1
1.辽宁大学物理系, 沈阳 110036;2.北京大学物理系,北京 100871
摘要:
在fullerene-PBTDP-TPA三体体系中的光诱导的分子内电荷转移的实验基础上,分别利用密度泛函理论和含时密度泛函理论以及结合二维、三维实空分析方法对fullerene、PBTDP-TPA二体以及fullerene-PBTDP-TPA三体的基态和激发态的性质进行了理论研究.二维定点表象揭示了激发情况下电子和空穴的相干情况.三维跃迁矩阵展示了跃迁偶极矩的方向和强度,而且三维电荷差密度给出了光诱导的分子内电荷转移的方向和结果.同时,用二维和三维表象的方法对fullerene-PBTDP-TPA三体中光诱导的分子内电荷转移过程进行了验证,揭示了在给予者-桥-接收者三体分子体系中分子内激发时电荷转移的机制.除此之外,还发现直接从给予者到接收者超交换的分子内电荷转移极大地促进了给予者-桥-接收者三体分子体系内的电荷转移.
关键词:  给予者-接收者二体,给予者-桥-接收者三体,分子内电荷转移,超交换
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/21/02/111-117
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