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Dynamic Theory of Die Swell for Entangled Polymeric Liquids in Tube Extrusion: Correlations of Total and Ultimate Extrudate Swell Effects to Growth Time, Shear Stress and Aspect Ratio Under the Free States
?Jing Zhao,Ming-shi Song*,Chang-wei Zhu,Gui-xian Hu,Ke-jian Wang ,Da-ming Wu
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
?Jing Zhao School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical and Technology, Beijing 100029, China  
Ming-shi Song* School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical and Technology, Beijing 100029, China songmingshi@mail.buct.edu.cn 
Chang-wei Zhu School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical and Technology, Beijing 100029, China  
Gui-xian Hu School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical and Technology, Beijing 100029, China  
Ke-jian Wang School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical and Technology, Beijing 100029, China  
Da-ming Wu School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical and Technology, Beijing 100029, China  
Abstract:
The dynamic theory of die swell deduced in a previous paper was extensively applied to study the xtrudate swelling behaviors of two entangled polymeric liquids (HDPE and PBD) in a simple shear flow at steady shear stress. The mechanism and dynamics for the recoils and the recoveries of viscoelastic strains in the extrudate were investigated under the free recovery and dynamic states. It was found that in the course of recovery the free recoil and the growth of die swell in the extrudate may be divided into two recovery regions (instantaneous and delayed regions) and three growth stages (instantaneous, delayed, and ultimate extrudate swelling stages). The free recoil and the extrudate swelling behaviors may be expressed as a function of shear stress. The correlations of instantaneous, delayed, total and ultimate extrudate swell effects to the molecular parameters and the operational variables in the simple shear flow at steady shear stress were derived from the dynamic theory of die swell. Also, two sets of new universal equations on the total extrudate swelling effect (TESE) and ultimate extrudate swelling effect (UESE) were deduced. The first is the universal equation of the logarithmic correlation between the TESE and the growth time under the free and dynamic states; the second is the universal equation of the logarithmic correlation between the UESE and the operational variables under the free and equilibrium states. The first equation was verified by experimental data of PBD with different molecular weights at different operational variables. The second equation was verified by experimental data of HDPE at two temperatures and different operational variables. An excellent agreement result was obtained. The excellent agreement shows that the two universal equations can be used directly to predict the correlations of the TESE and UESE to the growth time, the molecular parameters, and the operational variables under the dynamic and equilibrium states.
Key words:  Die swell, Entanglement, Viscoelastic recoil
FundProject:
Dynamic Theory of Die Swell for Entangled Polymeric Liquids in Tube Extrusion: Correlations of Total and Ultimate Extrudate Swell Effects to Growth Time, Shear Stress and Aspect Ratio Under the Free States
赵晶,宋名实*,朱常委,胡桂贤,王克俭,吴大鸣
摘要:
利用挤出胀大动力学理论研究稳态剪切流下HDPE 和PBD液体的挤出胀大行为,建立了自由动态下线团回复和挤出胀大增长时间的回复机制和动力学. 结果表明在自由回复过程中自由线团回复和挤出物胀大增长可分为两个区域(瞬间和推迟区)、三个增长阶段(瞬间、推迟和最终阶段). 证明了自由线团回复和挤出胀大增长可表征为增长时间、剪切应力和长径比的函数。从而从动力学理论推倒出了三种挤出胀大效应(瞬间、推迟和最终)同分子结果参数和挤出操作条件间的相关性. 并建立了总合(TESE)和最终(UESE)两组挤出胀大效应的普适方程.
关键词:  挤出胀大, 高分子线团缠结, 粘弹性线团回复
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/21/01/55-68
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