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(纳米MCM-41)-CdS主-客体复合材料的制备及光学性质
翟庆洲*,刘月香
作者单位
翟庆洲* 长春理工大学纳米技术研究中心, 长春130022 
刘月香 长春理工大学纳米技术研究中心, 长春130022 
摘要:
以水热法制备了纳米微粒MCM-41分子筛,通过离子交换法将Cd(II)交换到分子筛中,然后采用硫代乙酰胺作硫化氢前驱体对(MCM-41)-Cd进行硫化,制备出主-客体复合材料(MCM-41)-CdS.化学分析表明,客体成功地组装到分子筛中.粉末X射线衍射结果表明,组装过程并未破坏所制备的主-客体材料中分子筛的骨架,分子筛骨架完整且结晶度仍然很高.红外光谱表明所制备材料骨架保持完好.低温N2吸附-解吸附研究表明,相对于MCM-41分子筛主体所制备的复合材料孔体积、孔尺寸及比表面积降低,表明客体在分子筛孔道内组装成功.制备的主-客体复合材料固体扩散漫反射吸收光谱相对于CdS体相呈现某些蓝移,说明客体处于分子筛孔道内,也表明分子筛主体对纳米硫化镉客体表现出明显的立体限域效应.(纳米MCM-41)-CdS及(微米MCM-41)-CdS样品呈现明显发光.
关键词:  主-客体纳米复合材料,纳米MCM-41,硫化镉,光学性质
DOI:10.1360/cjcp2007.20(1).83.7
分类号:
基金项目:
Preparation and Optical Properties of (Nanometer MCM-41)-CdS Composite Materials
Qing-zhou Zhai* ,Yue-xiang Liu
Abstract:
The nanometer and micrometer molecular sieves MCM-41 were prepared by a hydrothermal method. Cadmium (II) was exchanged into the molecular sieves by ion-exchange, and thioacetamide was then used as a precursor of hydrogen sulfide for sulphidizing the (MCM-41)-cadmium samples to prepare the host-guest composite materials (MCM-41)-CdS. By means of chemical analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, low temperature nitrogen adsorption-desorption technique, solid state diffuse reflectance absorption spectroscopy and luminescence, the prepared materials were characterized. The chemical analysis shows that the guest is successfully trapped in the molecular sieves. The powder X-ray diffraction suggests that the frameworks of the molecular sieves in the prepared host-guest composite materials are retained during the preparative process. They are intact and the degrees of crystallinity are still very high. The infrared spectra show that the frameworks of the prepared host-guest materials keep intact. The low temperature nitrogen adsorption-desorption studies indicate that the pore volumes, the pore sizes and the surface areas of the prepared composite materials decrease relative to those of the MCM-41 molecular sieve hosts. This shows that the guests are successfully encapsulated in the channels of the molecular sieves. The solid state diffuse reflectance absorption spectra of the prepared host-guest composites show some blue-shifts relative to that of bulk cadmium sulfide, indicating that the guests are trapped in the channels of the molecular sieves. This shows the obvious stereoscopic confinement effect of the molecular sieve host on the nanometer cadmium sulfide guest. The (nanometer MCM-41)-CdS and (micrometer MCM-41)-CdS samples show obvious luminescence.
Key words:  Host-guest nanocomposite material, Nanometer MCM-41 molecular sieve host, Cadmium sulˉde guest, Optical property