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太湖藻及模型化合物的分级热解 (cited: 1)
李林凌,张蕊,童冬梅,胡常伟*
作者单位E-mail
李林凌 四川大学化学学院绿色化学与技术教育部重点实验室成都610064  
张蕊 四川大学化学学院绿色化学与技术教育部重点实验室成都610064  
童冬梅 四川大学化学学院绿色化学与技术教育部重点实验室成都610064  
胡常伟* 四川大学化学学院绿色化学与技术教育部重点实验室成都610064 changweihu@scu.edu.cn 
摘要:
以太湖藻为原料,通过分级热解来制备生物油,分别以棕榈酸、琼脂糖和蛋清粉模拟藻中的脂质、糖类和蛋白质,研究了藻分级热解生物油中主要组分的来源及热解过程中三大组分之间的相互作 用.结果表明,藻生物油中的烃类、十六酸及酯类均源自藻中脂质的热解,藻中蛋白质热解主要生成酚类、吲哚类、吡咯类和小分子酸;生物油中大部分的酰胺和腈类是脂质和蛋白质热解中间物相互作用的产物.藻组分中脂质和糖类的热解主要发生在473~573 K,而蛋白质的热解主要发生在523 K以上.藻生物油中仅有少量的糖类直接热解产物,可能是糖类热解产物在蛋白质热解产生的氨气等的作用下发生了聚合,使473和523 K所得生物油中有相当量的寡聚物;脂质与蛋白质的热解中间物相互作用生成了酰胺,酰胺再脱水又生成了腈类;而脂质与糖类之间相互作用不明显.
关键词:  分级热解,太湖藻,相互作用,模型化合物
DOI:10.1063/1674-0068/28/cjcp1506134
分类号:
基金项目:
Fractional Pyrolysis of Algae and Model Compounds (cited: 1)
Lin-ling Li,Rui Zhang,Dong-mei Tong,Chang-wei Hu*
Abstract:
Pyrolysis of algae from Taihu Lake water blooms for bio-oil production was conducted from 473 K to 773 K by a fractional way in six steps. Palmitic acid, agarose and egg white were used as model compounds to study the origin of bio-oil ingredients and interaction of the intermediates from the algae components. In the first step at 473 K, the bio-oil obtained was composed of n-heptadecane and some small molecule acids. Quantities of carboxylic acids (mainly palmitic acid) and some amides, hydrocarbons, esters etc. were evolved in the second step at 523 K. For the third step at 573 K, except the carboxylic acids (still mainly palmitic acid), amides, nitriles, and phenols also accounted for a large proportion whereas respectable amount of indoles and alcohol ketones were attained. The main products in the later three steps were nitriles and phenols at 623 K, hydrocarbons and phenols at 673 K, and only phenols at 773 K, respectively. A higher heating value (HHV) of 36.0 MJ/kg of the bio-oil was obtained at 673 K. The hydrocarbons, palmitic acid and esters in the bio-oil were derived from lipids. The phenols, indoles, pyrroles, small molecular acids, amides like acetamide and some nitriles like phenyl-acetonitrile were generated from proteins. Amides and nitriles were also dated from the interaction of pyrolytic intermediates of lipids and proteins. Fewer products directly from the direct pyrolysis of saccharides were detected in the algae bio-oil due to the interaction of pyrolytic intermediates of saccharides and proteins in algae, and those interactions resulted in the formation of oligomers in the bio-oil at 473 and 523 K. Whereas very weak interaction was observed between lipids and saccharides. The process of fractional pyrolysis by varying temperature provided an advisable way for improving the selectivity of bio-oil from direct pyrolysis, and made the bio-oil much more applicable in down streaming utilization.
Key words:  Fractional pyrolysis, Algae, Interaction, Model compound