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快速冷凝法制备纳米复合Nd3:8Dy0:7Pr3:5Fe86Nb1B5永磁材料的织构和磁畴
刁树林,陈伟*,赵旭,阎秀军
作者单位E-mail
刁树林 河北师范大学物理科学与信息工程学院石家庄050016  
陈伟* 河北师范大学物理科学与信息工程学院石家庄050016 chen07308@mail.hebtu.edu.cn 
赵旭 河北师范大学物理科学与信息工程学院石家庄050016  
阎秀军 河北师范大学物理科学与信息工程学院石家庄050016  
摘要:
" 通过快速冷凝的方法制备了高性能、强织构纳米复合Nd3:8Dy0:7Pr3:5Fe86Nb1B5永磁材料.X射线衍射和磁测量分析显示薄带有优先取向的特征.随着快淬速度的提高,易磁化方向由垂直与薄带面的方向转向平行于薄带面的方向.通过SPM分析了样品中磁畴结构的形成以及对交换耦合作用强弱的影响.同时,Henkel曲线也表明了在快淬速度为30 m/s下制备的薄带晶粒有较强的交换耦合作用,从而使其剩磁提高,磁性能增强.在快淬速度为30 m/s下制备的样品平均晶粒尺寸为16 nm,样品含有高织构的硬磁相(Nd,
关键词:  纳米复合永磁材料,织构,快速冷凝法,交换耦合作用,磁畴
DOI:10.1088/1674-0068/20/06/748-752
分类号:
基金项目:
Crystallographic Texture and Domain Structure of Nd3:8Dy0:7Pr3:5Fe86Nb1B5 Nanocomposite Prepared by Direct Rapid Solidification
Shu-lin Diao, Wei Chen*, Xu Zhao, Xiu-jun Yan
Abstract:
"Strong crystallographic texture and high performance of Nd3:8Dy0:7Pr3:5Fe86Nb1B5 (containing 30% ff-Fe) nanocomposite permanent magnetic material was prepared by direct rapid solidification. X-ray diffraction analysis and magnetic measurement indicated that the ribbons had preferential orientation. The easy magnetization direction switched from perpendicular to the ribbon plane to parallel to the ribbon plane direction as the wheel speed increased from 10 m/s to 30 m/s. The multigrain domains were observed by scan probe microscope (SPM) in the ribbons prepared at wheel speed of 10-30 m/s. The Henkel plots were employed to investigate the interactions of the grains in the samples. A very fine and uniform microstructure with the average grain size about 16 nm was obtained in the sample prepared at wheel speed of 30 m/s. The sample consisted of highly oriented hard magnetic phase (Nd,Dy,Pr)2(Fe,Nb)14B and soft magnetic phase ff-Fe. High performance of Br=1.29 T, Mr/Ms= 0.76 and (BH)max=158.4 kJ/m3 was achieved due to the strong crystallographic texture, fine and homogeneous microstructure and enhancement of the exchange coupling between the soft and hard magnetic phases in this sample. The mechanism of the formation of the crystallographic texture and the multigrain domains was also discussed."
Key words:  Nanocomposite material, Crystallographic texture, Rapid solidification, Multigrain domain, Exchange coupling