Preparation and Optical Properties of (Nanometer MCM-41)-CdS Composite Materials
- Received Date: 2006-05-20
- Host-guest nanocomposite material, Nanometer MCM-41 molecular sieve host, Cadmiumsulˉde guest, Optical property
Abstract: The nanometer and micrometer molecular sieves MCM-41 were prepared by a hydrothermal method. Cadmium (II) was exchanged into the molecular sieves by ion-exchange, and thioacetamide was then used as a precursor of hydrogen sulfide for sulphidizing the (MCM-41)-cadmium samples to prepare the host-guest composite materials (MCM-41)-CdS. By means of chemical analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, low temperature nitrogen adsorption-desorption technique, solid state diffuse reflectance absorption spectroscopy and luminescence, the prepared materials were characterized. The chemical analysis shows that the guest is successfully trapped in the molecular sieves. The powder X-ray diffraction suggests that the frameworks of the molecular sieves in the prepared host-guest composite materials are retained during the preparative process. They are intact and the degrees of crystallinity are still very high. The infrared spectra show that the frameworks of the prepared host-guest materials keep intact. The low temperature nitrogen adsorption-desorption studies indicate that the pore volumes, the pore sizes and the surface areas of the prepared composite materials decrease relative to those of the MCM-41 molecular sieve hosts. This shows that the guests are successfully encapsulated in the channels of the molecular sieves. The solid state diffuse reflectance absorption spectra of the prepared host-guest composites show some blue-shifts relative to that of bulk cadmium sulfide, indicating that the guests are trapped in the channels of the molecular sieves. This shows the obvious stereoscopic confinement effect of the molecular sieve host on the nanometer cadmium sulfide guest. The (nanometer MCM-41)-CdS and (micrometer MCM-41)-CdS samples show obvious luminescence.
|Citation:||Qing-zhou Zhai, Yue-xiang Liu. Preparation and Optical Properties of (Nanometer MCM-41)-CdS Composite Materials[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2007, 20(1): 83-89. doi: 10.1360/cjcp2007.20(1).83.7|