Accurate ab initio Predictions of Ionization Energies and Heats of Formation for Cyclopropenylidene, Propargylene and Propadienylidene
- Received Date: 2005-12-27
- Ab intio, Ionization energy, Heat of formation, c-C3H2, HCCCH, H2CCC /
Abstract: The ionization energies (IEs) of cyclopropenylidene (c-C3H2), propargylene (HCCCH) and propadienylidene (H2CCC) have been computed using the CCSD(T)/CBS method, which involves the approximation to the complete basis set (CBS) limit at the coupled cluster level with single and double excitations plus quasi-perturbative triple excitation effect (CCSD(T)). The zero-point vibrational energy correction,the core-valence electronic correction, the scalar relativistic effect and the high level correction beyond the CCSD(T) excitations have also been made in these calculations. The CCSD(T)/CBS values for the IE(c-C3H2) and IE(HCCCH) of 9.164, 8.987 eV are in good agreement with the experimental values of (9.15±0.03) and (8.96±0.04) eV. The CCSD(T)/CBS calculations yield the IE values of 10.477 and 10.388eV for the ionization transitions H2CCC→H2CCC+(2A1, C2v) and H2CCC→H2CCC+(2A', Cs), respectively. On the basis of the Franck-Condon factor consideration, the IE of (10.43±0.02) eV determined in the previous single-photon ionization experiment most likely corresponds to the ionization threshold for the H2CCC→H2CCC+(2A1, C2v) transition. Although the precision of the experimental IE measurements for c-C3H2, HCCCH, and H2CCC is insufficient to pin down the accuracy of the theoretical calculations to better than ±30 meV, the excellent agreement between the experimental and theoretical IE values observed in the present study indicates that the CCSD(T)/CBS calculations together with high-order correlation corrections are capable of yielding reliable IE predictions for simple hydrocarbon carbenes and bi-radicals.We have also reported the heats of formation at 0 K (ΔHof0) and 298 K (ΔHof298) for c-C3H2/c-C3H2+,HCCCH/HCCCH+, and H2CCC/H2CCC+. The available experimental ΔHof0 and ΔHof298 values for c-C3H2/c-C3H2+, HCCCH/HCCCH+ are found to be in good accord with the CCSD(T)/CBS predictions after taking into account the experimental uncertainties.
|Citation:||K. C. Liu, C. Y. Ng. Accurate ab initio Predictions of Ionization Energies and Heats of Formation for Cyclopropenylidene, Propargylene and Propadienylidene[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2006, 19(1): 29-38. doi: 10.1360/cjcp2006.19(1).29.10|