Ab initio Study on the Interaction between Formaldehyde and Formamide
- Received Date: 2003-04-22
- Formaldehyde，Formamide，Interaction，Ab initio /
Abstract: The optimizations geometries and vibrational frequencies of H2CO，HCONH2 and acquired 3 complexes between H2CO?HCONH2 have been calculated by using the ab initio method at the MP2/6-31G（ d）and MP2 （FC）/6-311++G（d，p）level. The non-minimum structures with negative vibrational frequencies are excluded. The lowest energy conformer of these complexes is a cyclic structure with N - H?O and C - H?O hydrogen bonds in a common plane. No significant changes are observed in the geometries of the monomers in their complexed state. The most characteristic geometrical properties of the complex are the lengthening of the contacting N-H bonds by 0.4-1.1 pm，and the general shortening of the contacting C-H bonds by 0.3-0.4 pm with respect to the monomers. The interaction energies of complexes have been corrected by the basis set superposition error （BSSE）using the full Boys-Bernardi counterpoise correction scheme. The corrected complex interaction energies of 3 structures at MP2/6-311++G（2df，3p）/ / MP2（FC）/6-311++G（d，p）level are -29.94， -16.10 and -18.45 kJ/mol，respectively. The interaction energies indicate that C - H?O is a weak hydrogen bond. The results of natural bond orbital population analysis reveals that there is only a small charge-transfer in the process of forming the complexes. The results of natural bond orbital analysis and atom in the molecule scheme appear quite significant in view of their importance for understanding the mechanisms of intermolecular interaction leading to hydrogen bonding. The results of molecular interaction energy decomposition analysis show that the electrostatic interaction plays an essential role in stabilizing the H2CO?HCONH2 complexes.
|Citation:||Li Baozong. Ab initio Study on the Interaction between Formaldehyde and Formamide[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2004, 17(4): 433-436. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/17/4/433-436|