Preparation and Electrochemical Lithium Intercalation Performance of Segmented Carbon Nanofibers
- Received Date: 2002-10-15
- Carbon nanofibers, Chemical vapor deposition, Li-ion battery, Negative electrode materials /
Abstract: Segmented carbon nanofibers were prepared by pyrolysis of acetylene on foam Ni at 600 and 700℃ in a fixed bed flowed-reactor. The morphology, microstructure and lithium insertion properties of these carbon nanofibers were investigated by TEM, XRD, Raman and electrochemical methods. Through TEM observations, it was found that this kind of carbon nanofibers was composed of lens-like segments with nearly equal separation stacking along the nanofiber axis. When the reaction temperature was 600℃, segmented carbon nanofibers were the major production. However, when the reaction temperature increased to 700℃, the content of segmented carbon filaments decreased and their diameter became smaller. The crystallite size d002 and Lc were determined by the 002 carbon Bragg peak of XRD patterns using the Bragg and Scherrer formulas. The intensity ratios of the 1350 cm-1line and the 1580 cm-1 line (R=ID/IG) was used to evaluate the La value, which was inversely proportional to the effective crystallite size in the direction of the graphite plane (La). With the reaction temperature increased, the d002 value decreased, La and Lc values increased, which indicated the degree of crystallinity increased. Segmented carbon nanofibers were used as positive electrodes of C/Li cells. The first charge capacities of C/Li cells were 480 and 300 mAh/g for samples produced at 600 and 700℃, respectively. The samples at 600℃showed capacities higher than the theoretical value of graphite, which was attributed to accommodation of more lithium at the edge of graphene layers and on the surface of graphene layers according to the mechanisms of lithium insertion in carbons prepared by low-temperature pyrolysis of hydrocarbons. As confirmed by the XRD and Raman spectra, the samples at 700℃ had larger La and Lc, which led to the capacity decreasing.
|Citation:||Wu Guotao, Wang Miao, Li Zhenhua, Chen Weixiang, Xu Zhude, Li Wenzhu, Chen Maohui, You Jinkua, Lin Zugeng. Preparation and Electrochemical Lithium Intercalation Performance of Segmented Carbon Nanofibers[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2003, 16(4): 299-302. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/16/4/299-302|