Growth Mechanism of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays
- Received Date: 2015-02-09
- Single-walled carbon nanotubes, Multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Growth mechanism, Microstructure characterization
Abstract: Vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotube arrays grown on quartz substrate are obtained by co-pyrolysis of xylene and ferrocene at 850 oC in a tube furnace. Raman spectroscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy measurements show that the single-walled carbon nanotubes are only present on top of vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotube arrays. It has been revealed that isolated single-walled carbon nanotubes are only present in those floating catalyst generated materials. It thus suggests that the single-walled carbon nanotubes here are also generated by floating catalyst. Vertically alignedcarbon nanotube arrays on the quartz substrate have shown good orientation and good graphitization. Meanwhile, to investigate the growth mechanism, two bi-layers carbon nan-otube films with di erent thickness have been synthesized and analyzed by Raman spectroscopy. The results show that the two-layer vertically aligned carbon nanotube films grow “bottom-up”. There are distinguished Raman scattering signals for the second layer itself, surface of the first layer, interface between the first and second layer, side wall and bottom surface. It indicates that the obtained carbon nanotubes follow the base-growth mechanism, and the single-walled carbon nanotubes grow from their base at the growth beginning when iron catalyst particles have small size. Those carbon nanotubes with few walls (typically <5 walls) have similar properties, which also agree with the base-growth mechanism.
|Citation:||Ji-cheng Zhang, Yong-jian Tang, Yong Yi, Min-jie Zhou, Kang-fu Ma, Wei-dong Wu, Chao-yang Wang, Yan Zhao, Bing-chi Luo, Zhuo Wang. Growth Mechanism of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2015, 28(5): 617-622. doi: 10.1063/1674-0068/28/cjcp1502021|