Kinetic Implication from Temperature Effect on Hydrogen Evolution Reaction at Ag Electrode
- Received Date: 2013-05-28
- Hydrogen evolution reaction, Ag electrode, Temperature effect, Activation energy, Pre-exponential factor, Internal energy, Entropy change
Abstract: Hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) at polycrystalline silver electrode in 0.1 mol/L HClO4 solution is investigated by cyclic voltammetry in the temperature range of 278-333 K. We found that at electrode potential φa,app decreases with φ, while pre-exponential factor A remains nearly unchanged,which conforms well the prediction from Butler-Volmer equation. In contrast, with φ nega-tive shifts from the onset potential for HER to the potential of zero charge (PZC≈-0.4 V), both Ea,app and A for HER increase (e.g., Ea,app increases from 24 kJ/mol to 32 kJ/mol). The increase in Ea,app and A with negative shift in φ from -0.25 V to PZC is explained by the increases of both internal energy change and entropy change from reactants to the transition states, which is correlated with the change in the hydrogen bond network duringHER. The positive entropy effects overcompensate the adverse effect from the increase in the activation energy, which leads to a net increase in HER current with the activation energy negative shift from the onset potential of HER to PZC. It is pointed out that entropy change may contribute greatly to the kinetics for electrode reaction which involves the transfer of electron and proton, such as HER.
|Citation:||Jing Kang, Chu-hong Lin, Yao Yao, Yan-xia Chen. Kinetic Implication from Temperature Effect on Hydrogen Evolution Reaction at Ag Electrode[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2014, 27(1): 63-68. doi: 10.1063/1674-0068/27/01/63-68|