Direct Synthesis of Phenol from Benzene on an Activated Carbon Catalyst Treated with Nitric Acid
- Received Date: 2011-02-26
Abstract: Commercially available coal-based activated carbon was treated by nitric acid with different concentrations and the resultant samples were used as catalysts for the direct hydroxylation of benzene to phenol in acetonitrile. Boehm titration, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope coupled with an energy dispersive X-ray microanalyzer, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method were used to characterize the samples. The number of carboxyl groups on the surface was found to be the main factor affecting the catalytic activity. An optimum catalytic performance with a yield of 15.7% and a selectivity of 87.2% to phenol was obtained.
|Citation:||Cui-hong Chen, Jia-quan Xu, Ming-ming Jin, Gui-ying Li, Chang-wei Hu. Direct Synthesis of Phenol from Benzene on an Activated Carbon Catalyst Treated with Nitric Acid[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2011, 24(3): 358-364. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/24/03/358-364|