Evolution Mechanism of Calcium Carbonate in Solution
- Received Date: 2010-08-07
Abstract: Calcium carbonate was synthesized in a CaCl2/NaCO3 mixed solution by using ethylenedi-aminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) as an additive. The thermodynamics and kinetics analyses indicate that although the driving force of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) precipi-tation is always less than that of calcite and vaterite precipitation, the nucleation rate of ACC is greater than that of calcite and vaterite at the initial stage of the precipitation reaction. With the increasing incubation time, vaterite and calcite particles nucleate het-erogeneously by using the as-formed particles as active sites. Scanning electron microscopyimages indicate that the transformation mechanism of ACC and vaterite to calcite is the dissolution-recrystallisation reaction. The presence of EDTA not only improves the stabil-ities of ACC and vaterite, but also leads to forming enlongated, connected rhombohedralcalcite crystals after incubation 7 days in solutions. The ACC and vaterite are stabler in air than in solutions at room temperature, although the dissolution-recrystallisation reaction occurs on the surface.
|Citation:||郭亚平, 唐海雄, 周玉, 贾德昌, 宁聪琴, 郭亚军. Evolution Mechanism of Calcium Carbonate in Solution[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2010, 23(6): 731-737. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/23/06/731-737|