Cheng-yin Wu, Hong-yan Jiang, Zhi-feng Wu, Qi-huang Gong. Laser-induced Alignment and Coulomb Explosion of CO2[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2009, 22(6): 571-576. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/06/571-576
Citation: Cheng-yin Wu, Hong-yan Jiang, Zhi-feng Wu, Qi-huang Gong. Laser-induced Alignment and Coulomb Explosion of CO2[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2009, 22(6): 571-576. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/06/571-576

Laser-induced Alignment and Coulomb Explosion of CO2

doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/06/571-576
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.20603001,No.10534010,and No.10821062) and the National Basic Research Program of China (No.2006CB806007).
  • Received Date: 2009-08-05
  • Dynamic processes of CO2 are experimentally studied in intense femtosecond laser fields with laser intensity varying from 1×1013W/cm2 to 6×1014W/cm2. When the laser intensity is below the ionization threshold, a coherent rotational wave-packet is formed for CO2 at room temperature through nonadiabatic rotational excitation. The evolution of the wave-packet leads to transient alignment. The field-free alignment revives periodically after the laser pulse is over. The revival structure can be modified by a second laser pulse for the rotational wave-packet through precisely adjusting the time delays between the two laser pulses. When the laser intensity excesses the ionization threshold, ionization and Coulomb explosion occur. The atomic ions Cm+ (m=1-3) and On+ (n=1-3) observed in the experiment exhibit highly anisotropic angular distributions relative to the laser polarization. Using two linearly polarized laser pulses with crossed polarization, we conclude that the anisotropic angular distribution results from dynamic alignment, in which the rising edge of the laser pulse aligns the neutral CO2 along the laser polarization direction prior to ionization.
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Laser-induced Alignment and Coulomb Explosion of CO2

doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/06/571-576
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.20603001,No.10534010,and No.10821062) and the National Basic Research Program of China (No.2006CB806007).

Abstract: Dynamic processes of CO2 are experimentally studied in intense femtosecond laser fields with laser intensity varying from 1×1013W/cm2 to 6×1014W/cm2. When the laser intensity is below the ionization threshold, a coherent rotational wave-packet is formed for CO2 at room temperature through nonadiabatic rotational excitation. The evolution of the wave-packet leads to transient alignment. The field-free alignment revives periodically after the laser pulse is over. The revival structure can be modified by a second laser pulse for the rotational wave-packet through precisely adjusting the time delays between the two laser pulses. When the laser intensity excesses the ionization threshold, ionization and Coulomb explosion occur. The atomic ions Cm+ (m=1-3) and On+ (n=1-3) observed in the experiment exhibit highly anisotropic angular distributions relative to the laser polarization. Using two linearly polarized laser pulses with crossed polarization, we conclude that the anisotropic angular distribution results from dynamic alignment, in which the rising edge of the laser pulse aligns the neutral CO2 along the laser polarization direction prior to ionization.

Cheng-yin Wu, Hong-yan Jiang, Zhi-feng Wu, Qi-huang Gong. Laser-induced Alignment and Coulomb Explosion of CO2[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2009, 22(6): 571-576. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/06/571-576
Citation: Cheng-yin Wu, Hong-yan Jiang, Zhi-feng Wu, Qi-huang Gong. Laser-induced Alignment and Coulomb Explosion of CO2[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2009, 22(6): 571-576. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/06/571-576

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