Jian-feng Gao, Rui-fen Tian, Chang-rong Xia, Qiong Chen. Samaria-doped Ceria Modified Ni/YSZ Anode for Direct Methane Fuel in Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Impregnation Method[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2009, 22(4): 429-434. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/04/429-434
Citation: Jian-feng Gao, Rui-fen Tian, Chang-rong Xia, Qiong Chen. Samaria-doped Ceria Modified Ni/YSZ Anode for Direct Methane Fuel in Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Impregnation Method[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2009, 22(4): 429-434. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/04/429-434

Samaria-doped Ceria Modified Ni/YSZ Anode for Direct Methane Fuel in Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Impregnation Method

doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/04/429-434
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.20871110 and No.50730002).The authors express their appreciation to Xin-bo Lü, Qingdao Tianhe Graphite Co. Ltd. For supporting appropriate pore former graphite.
  • Received Date: 2009-02-24
  • A porous NiO/yttria-stabilized zirconia anode substrate for tubular solid oxide fuel cells was prepared by gel casting technique. Nano-scale samaria-doped ceria (SDC) particles were formed onto the anode substrate to modify the anode microstructure by the impregnation of solution of Sm(NO3)3 and Ce(NO3)3. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, current-voltage and current-powder curves of the cells were measured using an electrochemical workstation. Scanning electron microcopy was used to observe the microstructure. The results indicate that the stability of the performance of the cell operated on humidified methane can be significantly improved by incorporating the nano-structured SDC particles, compared with the unmodified cell. This verifies that the coated SDC electrodes are very effective in suppressing catalytic carbon formation by blocking methane from approaching the Ni, which is catalytically active towards methane pyrolysis. In addition, it was found that a small amount of deposited carbon is beneficial to the performance of the anode. The cell showed a peak power density of 225 mW/cm2 when it was fed with H2 fuel at 700 °C, but the power density increased to 400 mW/cm2 when the fuel was switched from hydrogen to methane at the same flow rate. Methane conversion achieved about 90%, measured by gas chromatogram with a 10.0 mL/min flow rate of fuel at 700°C. Although the carbon deposition was not suppressed absolutely, some deposited carbon was beneficial for performance improvement.
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Samaria-doped Ceria Modified Ni/YSZ Anode for Direct Methane Fuel in Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Impregnation Method

doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/04/429-434
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.20871110 and No.50730002).The authors express their appreciation to Xin-bo Lü, Qingdao Tianhe Graphite Co. Ltd. For supporting appropriate pore former graphite.

Abstract: A porous NiO/yttria-stabilized zirconia anode substrate for tubular solid oxide fuel cells was prepared by gel casting technique. Nano-scale samaria-doped ceria (SDC) particles were formed onto the anode substrate to modify the anode microstructure by the impregnation of solution of Sm(NO3)3 and Ce(NO3)3. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, current-voltage and current-powder curves of the cells were measured using an electrochemical workstation. Scanning electron microcopy was used to observe the microstructure. The results indicate that the stability of the performance of the cell operated on humidified methane can be significantly improved by incorporating the nano-structured SDC particles, compared with the unmodified cell. This verifies that the coated SDC electrodes are very effective in suppressing catalytic carbon formation by blocking methane from approaching the Ni, which is catalytically active towards methane pyrolysis. In addition, it was found that a small amount of deposited carbon is beneficial to the performance of the anode. The cell showed a peak power density of 225 mW/cm2 when it was fed with H2 fuel at 700 °C, but the power density increased to 400 mW/cm2 when the fuel was switched from hydrogen to methane at the same flow rate. Methane conversion achieved about 90%, measured by gas chromatogram with a 10.0 mL/min flow rate of fuel at 700°C. Although the carbon deposition was not suppressed absolutely, some deposited carbon was beneficial for performance improvement.

Jian-feng Gao, Rui-fen Tian, Chang-rong Xia, Qiong Chen. Samaria-doped Ceria Modified Ni/YSZ Anode for Direct Methane Fuel in Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Impregnation Method[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2009, 22(4): 429-434. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/04/429-434
Citation: Jian-feng Gao, Rui-fen Tian, Chang-rong Xia, Qiong Chen. Samaria-doped Ceria Modified Ni/YSZ Anode for Direct Methane Fuel in Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Impregnation Method[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2009, 22(4): 429-434. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/22/04/429-434

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