Enhancement in Magnetorheological Effect of Magnetorheological Elastomers by Surface Modification of Iron Particles
- Received Date: 2007-03-25
- Rev Recd Date: 2007-05-10
Abstract: In order to obtain magnetorheological (MR) elastomers with high magnetorheological effect, a family of anisotropic rubber-based MR elastomers was developed using a new form of chemical modification. Three different kinds of surfactants, i.e. anionic, nonionic and compound surfactants, were employed separately to modify iron particles. The MR effect was evaluated by measuring the dynamic shear modulus of MR elastomer with a magneto-combined dynamic mechanical analyzer. Results show that the relative MR effect can be up to 188% when the iron particles are modified with 15% Span 80. Besides the surface activity of Span 80, however, such high modifying effect is partly due to the plasticizing effect of Span 80. Compared with the single surfactant, the superior surface activity of compound surfactant makes the relative MR effect reach 77% at a low content of 0.4%. Scanning electron microscope observation shows that the modification of compound surfactant results in perfect compatibility between particles and rubber matrix and special self-assembled structure of particles. Such special structure has been proved beneficial to the improvement of the relative MR effect.
|Citation:||?Wan-quan Jiang, Jing-jing Yao, Xing-long Gong, Lin Chen. Enhancement in Magnetorheological Effect of Magnetorheological Elastomers by Surface Modification of Iron Particles[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2008, 21(1): 87-92. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/21/01/87-92|