Ahmed Asad, Ya-hui Yang, Chuan Chai, Jiang-tao Wu. Hydrodynamic Instabilities Driven by Acid-base Neutralization Reaction in Immiscible System[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2010, 23(5): 513-520. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/23/05/513-520
Citation: Ahmed Asad, Ya-hui Yang, Chuan Chai, Jiang-tao Wu. Hydrodynamic Instabilities Driven by Acid-base Neutralization Reaction in Immiscible System[J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics , 2010, 23(5): 513-520. doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/23/05/513-520

Hydrodynamic Instabilities Driven by Acid-base Neutralization Reaction in Immiscible System

doi: 10.1088/1674-0068/23/05/513-520
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Natural Sci-ence Foundation of China (No.50706037) and the Foun-dation of National Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of China (No.200540).
  • Received Date: 2010-04-18
  • The hydrodynamic instabilities driven by an acid-base neutralization reaction, in contact along a plane interface, placed in a Hele-Shaw cell under the gravitational field are reported.The system consists of the heavier aqueous tetramethyle-ammonium hydroxide below the lighter layer of organic phase with propionic acid as reacting specie. The effect of chemical composition on hydrodynamic instabilities during interfacial mass transfer accompanied by a neutralization reaction is investigated. Depending on the initial concentration of the reacting species, Marangoni convection in the form of roll cells or trains of waves is observed. Mach-Zehnder interferometer is used to measure the change in base concentration at the time of instability formation. The results show that the instabilities resulted from the convection flow are more efficient to the mechanism of mass transfer and can drastically alter pattern formation in the system.

     

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